Category: Local Information

Bibliography of Grainger County Resources from TSLA

By , May 17, 2011

This document was created by staff of the TN State Library & Archives.   It was copied here for the convenience of our site’s visitors.

PLEASE NOTE that TSLA does not hold copies of all of the items listed in this bibliography. Please check the TSLA Online Catalog or e-mail TSLA to verify we have an item in our collection.

Subjects :

Grainger County in General

  • Allred, Charles E. Educational status of rural relief families in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1936. 41 pp. (its Report #22)
  • Allred, Charles E. Relation of education to economic & social status of relief clients in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1937. 36 pp. (its Report #24)
  • Allred, Charles E. Some problems of rural relief in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1935. 17 pp. (its Report #1)
  • Biographical directory, TN General Assembly, 1796-1969 (Grainger County, Preliminary #44-A). Nashville, TSLA, 1974. 45 pp.
  • Collins, Kevin D. Grainger County map. N.p., n.d. Grainger County Hist. Soc.
  • Conference on companionship of agriculture & industry. Knoxville, UT, 1933. 38 pp.
  • Dial-a-ride rural transit needs survey for Claiborne & Grainger counties. Knoxville, East TN Dev. Dist., 1979. 40 pp.
  • Faulkner, Charles H. “Industrial archaeology of the ‘Peavine Railroad': an archaeological & historical study of an abandoned railroad in east TN.” THQ 44 (1985), pp. 40-58.
  • Flood insurance study: Grainger County, TN, unincorporated areas. Washington, D.C., FEMA, 1990. 13 pp.
  • The geological history of the Thorn Hill Paleozoic section (Cambrian-Mississippian), eastern TN: SE-GSA 1985, field trip 6. Knoxville, UT Dept. Geol. Sciences, 1985. 128 pp.
  • Goodspeed’s history of east TN (Grainger County, pp. 853-856, 1152-1160). Goodspeed, 1887.
  • Grainger County, 1796-1976; the only TN county named for a woman. Grainger County Bicentennial Committee, 1976. 27 pp.
  • Grainger County Regional Comm. Comprehensive plan, Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, n.p., 1969. 1 vol.
  • Grainger County, TN, its people & events. Morristown, TN, C. McGinnis, 1991. 47 pp. (copies of articles published 1985-1991 in the Grainger Ranger at Rutledge, TN)
  • Graves, Mary J. The yesterdays speak again. Rutledge, Shirley Pubs., 1983. 41 pp.
  • Hill, William T. The geology, applied geochemistry & drilling results in the Puncheon Camp Creek area, Grainger County, TN. UT thesis, 1971. 106 pp.
  • Holt, W.E. History of Grainger County. N.p., the author, 1975. 11 pp.
  • Kline, Gerald W. & Charles H. Faullkner. Archaeology of the Richland Creek site. Knoxville, UT Dept. Anthrop., 1981. 77 pp.
  • Knoxville MSA, 1980-1987: an economic analysis. Nashville, TN Dept. Emp. Sec., 1988. 49 pp.
  • Lane, Patricia. “Birth, marriage & death: past & present customs in east TN.TN Folklore Soc. Bull. 48 (1982), pp. 53-60; 50 (1984), pp. 58-67.
  • Moore, Harry. A history of the churches in Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, Grainger County Hist. Soc., 1986. 141 pp.
  • Morgan, John & Joy Medford. “Log houses in Grainger County, TN.TN Anthrop. 5 (1980), pp. 137-158.
  • Official booklist of Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, Progressive Club, 1926. 16 pp.
  • Perkins, Mardell J. A sociological study of a rural church in Grainger County, TN. Carson-Newman College thesis, 1967. 75 pp.
  • Polhemus, Richard R. & James H. Polhemus. “The McCullough Bend site.TN Arch. 22 (1966), pp. 13-24.
  • Roach, Thomas E. Gleanings from a scrapbook. Rutledge, the author, 1983. 246 pp. (reprinted from newspaper articles previously published in the Grainger County News & the Jefferson County Standard)
  • Sanders, John E. Geology of the Pressman’s Home area, Hawkins & Grainger counties, TN, 1952. Photocopy of typescript. New Haven, CT, Yale University, 1980? 253 pp.
  • Soil survey, Grainger County, TN. Washington, D.C., US GPO, 1948. 203 pp.
  • TN Dept. Ed. Grainger County schools survey report. Nashville, TN Dept. Ed., 1965. 144 pp.
  • TN Dept. Emp. Sec. Summary report, manpower & other resources. Nashville, the department, 1961. 1 vol.
  • TN Dept. Transportation [county maps] issued periodically.
  • TN Valley Authority. Ind. Div. Agricultural-industrial survey of Grainger County. Knoxville, TVA, 1934. var. pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Regional Soils Database. Important farmland in Grainger County, TN. Nashville, US Soil Conservation Service, 1980. 1 map.
  • TN Valley Authority. Social & Ec. Div. Research Sec. The effects upon local finance of real property purchases by the TVA, survey no. 1: Norris Reservoir counties. Knoxville, TVA, 1936. 53 pp.
  • Trent, Emma D. East TN’s lore of yesteryear. Whitesburg, the author, 1987. 621 pp.
  • US Fed. Emergency Relief Admin. Div. of Research, Statistics & Finance. The Appalalchian-Ozark area, Grainger County, TN. N.p., 1934. 4 pp.
  • US Geol. Survey [topographic maps] issued periodically. Quadrangles: Tazewell, Howard Quarter, Swan Island, Powder Springs, Dutch Valley, Avondale, Bean Station, Luttrell, Joppa, Talbott, Mascot, New Market.

Bean Station

  • Carruthers, Amelia L. “Bean Station.Nat. Hist. Mag. 77 (1943), pp. 31-35.
  • Crouch & Adams, Inc. Bean Station revisited: a feasibility & master planning study. Oak Ridge, Crouch & Adams, Inc., 1972. 28 pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Dept. Regional Studies. The Bean Station Tavern restoration project. Prepared by Robert M. Howes. Knoxville, TVA, 1944. 76 pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Reservoir Property Management Dept. Population readjustment studies of Bean Station community, Grainger County, Cherokee area. Knoxville, TVA, 1940. 15 pp.

Blaine

  • Flood insurance study: city of Blaine, TN, Grainger County. Washington, D.C., FEMA, 1990. 10 pp.

Rutledge

  • Roach, Thomas E. Langley, Rutledge, TN: a history of a southern mansion & its families. Rutledge, the author, 1983. 39 pp.

Tate Springs

  • Graves, Mary. Tate Springs, home of Kingswood School. Bean Station, the author, 1982. 32 pp.
  • Graves, Mary J. World famous gazebo. Bean Station, the author, 19–. 32 pp.

Updated October 22, 2004. An updated version may be available at the TSLA Web site.

TN State Library & Archives Digital Collections

By , May 16, 2011

Progress on the Morristown & Cumberland Gap Railroad

By , May 15, 2011

A large force is now at work on the Morristown and Cumberland Gap railroad.

The track for sometime has been completed to the Holston river about five miles from Morristown. At this point a fine iron bridge is being erected and before many days will be completed.

At this end of the line from Corryton on the K C G & L railroad, the track has been laid two miles beyond the Lea Springs depot site and before many days the iron horse will be at Rutledge, the county seat of old Grainger, and from this point Bean’s Station, near Tate will soon be reached. In fact we are assured that the whole line will b completed and equipped within sixty days.

The people along the entire line are very much elated over the bright prospects and rapid progress. And the people of Knoxville will soon be in a position to go with ease and at pleasure to Lea Springs and Tate’s without change of cars. And this new and direct route to Morristown, through the beautiful valleys of Richland and Bean’s Station with the fine Clinch Mountain scenery will prove interesting and pleasing to the eye for a change.

When this important link is completed considerable travel will undoubtedly be secured from the Carolina’s via Cumberland Gap and Middlesborough to the west, also from the direct south in connection with the K C G & L railroad.

Knoxville Daily Journal – Tuesday, September 1, 1891

Transcribed by Robert McGinnis and used by permission.

Along the Morristown & Cumberland Gap Railroad

By , May 14, 2011

The soon to be completed Morristown & Cumberland Gap  railroad will provide a boom not only to the terminus at Morristown in Hamblen County, Tenn., but is small towns and hamlets along its route. The road will also provide a faster transportation to many of East Tennessee most famous watering holes.

Among the most prominent are those at Lea Spring in the lower end of Grainger county and Tate’s in the upper part of the county. The climate is exceedingly healthy and pleasant at all seasons of the year.

This important link after leaving Morristown crosses the Holston river at Shields Ferry about three and half miles from the city.

The first station or regular depot will be at the Woodson Taylor place, six miles distant and the next at Bean Station, one and half miles from Tates and ten from Morristown.

The third will undoubtedly be at the old Bowen farm, four and one half miles from Rutledge, the county seat.

The fourth at Joppa or Spring House, six miles south of Rutledge and the fifth at Lea Springs, which is about six miles above and halfway between Joppa and Carrolton, the termination of the road and only twenty-one miles from Knoxville and forty-four from Cumberland Gap.

The entire length of the M & C G R R from Morristown to Floyd or Carrolton, as it is now called, is forty miles and it is generally believed  will be in running order early in the spring.

There is more behind this important railroad link that on may now suppose. And as a valuable auxiliary to Morristown and East Tennessee in general, it will play beyond a question of a doubt a most useful part.

Knoxville Daily Journal – Thursday, July 10, 1890

Transcribed by Robert McGinnis and used by permission.

Morristown & Cumberland Gap Railroad

By , May 14, 2011

Today marks a new era in the history of Grainger county. Dirt was broken for the Morristown and Cumberland Gap railroad which starts at Morristown and intersects with the Knoxville and Cumberland Gap and Louisville railroad at Luttrell.

Early this morning all the people of Grainger county gave up the plane and harvest field for one day, and with wives, children, old men and young, all came to Rutledge to spend a day in celebrating the event of so much importance to this county. There was by estimate at least five thousand people present from Grainger and surrounding counties.

After the lapse of about forty years, this country realizes her mistake in refusing to aid public enterprises. A proposition was submitted to Grainger county to take stock in the East Tennessee and Virginia railroad, now the East Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia railroad. The opposition to the subscription told the people that the road must go up the Bean Station valley and the result was the road was not built up this beautiful valley.

It was too late after they discovered their mistake. They resolved that if another opportunity presented itself they would not let it pass. The people of this county have seen with counties grow and prosper and they have seen towns flourish and hence the great demonstration of today…

The vast crowd moved to a place about one fourth of a mile east of Rutledge to a beautiful grove where a stand had been erected and the ladies of Rutledge had in a beautiful manner decorated it with flowers. After music by the band, Mr. Lon Shields, in a few appropriate remarks introduced W S Dickson, the handsome young mayor of Morristown, who came to congratulate the people on securing a road and who was not jealous of the prosperity of his mother county.

General J G Martin, president of the road was next introduced and he made a splendid speech. He said he had asked the people of Grainger county in good faith for its subscription and the same had been given and he now on his part was going in good faith, build the road, just as fast as men and money could, from Morristown on to Luttrell and other points….

After speaking was over the vast crowd repaired to  spot in a field a sort distance away where the ground was to be broken. There was drawn in the line three of the oldest citizens of Grainger county, Absalom Miller, 89, Jimmy James, 85 and Absolom Manley, 80. They had been chosen to break the dirt. Promptly at 3 o’clock, with pick raised, Jimmy James, said this was the proudest day of his life, he had been raised in Grainger county and to be called on in his old days to break dirt for a railroad company, was reaping of the desire of his life and he had but one other desire and that was to ride on the railroad.

At the end of Mr. James’ remarks, with breathless silence, these three old veterans drove their picks into the earth and there went up a tremendous shout from the crowd. After the dirt was broken the picks were handed over to J L Mitchell, J P Grant and J F Biddle, who were forty years old and they dug the earth. After them came three young men, twenty-one years old, who represented the bone and sinew of the county. Then came three young boys, ten years old, who represented the rising generation.

Thus it was the pick, was handed from old age to young hands. As the young boys took the picks the band struck up a beautiful piece of music and the air was rent with cheers. Mothers waved their handkerchiefs and strong men their hats. The boys turned the picks over to the contractors, who went to moving dirt in earnest.

The contract for the road is let and under construction from here to Morristown and will be completed just as soon as it can. The heaviest work is on the Morristown end. The grade from here to Luttrell is easy. The work for this end of the road is not yet let, but will be in a short time. It is expected that within twelve months from now the trains will be running on the road.

Knoxville Daily Journal – Thursday, July 10, 1890

Transcribed by Robert McGinnis and used by permission.

Grainger County Post Offices, 1803-1971

By , May 13, 2011

The following table contains all post offices known to exist in present-day Grainger, Claiborne, and Union counties through 1971. Grainger County’s list contains 90, some appearing more than once under similar names. Claiborne County’s list contains 104, and Union County’s 68.

The list was compiled by Mike St. Clair. He relied on two sources:

  1. The first was the source for most of the entries. That is a list of post offices for all counties of the state at the Tennessee State Library and Archives, with the original source being records at National Archives of postmaster appointments between 1832 to 1971 (microfilms # M1131 and M841). These entries say “TSLA” in the source column. You can access that much larger list of over 6,000 post office names at the TSLA Web site.
  2. The second source is the United States Geologic Survey’s on-line GNIS system, and it accounted for 12 entries that are missing from the TSLA list. Those entries say “USGS” in the Source column. The USGS entries do not include any dates.
Post Office Name County Year Opened Year Closed Info Source
Agreeable Grainger 1887 1901 TSLA
Ambro (historical) Grainger USGS
Austin’s Ferry Grainger 1840 1854 TSLA
Bald Point (historical) Grainger Is this Ball Point? USGS
Ball Point Grainger 1875 1902 TSLA
Bean Station Grainger 1929 TSLA
Bean’s Station Grainger 1807 1901 TSLA
Been’s Station Grainger see Bean’s Station TSLA
Blackwell Grainger 1893 1901 TSLA
Blaine Grainger 1891 TSLA
Blaine’s Cross Roads Grainger 1826 1883 TSLA
Blain’s Grainger 1820 1822 TSLA
Blainveville Grainger 1917 1923 TSLA
Bowen Grainger 1881 1903 TSLA
Buffalo Hide Grainger 1838 1845 TSLA
Bull Run Grainger 1837 1856 TSLA
Cabbage Grainger 1898 1900 TSLA
Cedar Cliff Grainger 1856 1859 TSLA
Cedar Ford Grainger 1849 1856 TSLA
Cheek’s Cross Road Grainger 1846 1846 TSLA
Cheek’s Store Grainger 1838 1843 TSLA
Clear Spring Grainger 1849 1895 TSLA
Clearspring Grainger 1895 1898 TSLA
Combs Grainger 1898 1899 TSLA
Condry Grainger 1892 1903 TSLA
Daisy Dell Grainger 1880 1891 TSLA
Daisydell (historical) Grainger See Daisy Dell USGS
Doyal Grainger 1881 1901 TSLA
Dutch Grainger 1890 1907 TSLA
Dyers Grainger 1890 1901 TSLA
Hammer Grainger 1897 1903 TSLA
Hargus Grainger 1884 1892 TSLA
Haynes Grainger 1828 1865 TSLA
Heltonville Grainger 1888 1900 TSLA
Highland Spring Grainger 1897 1902 TSLA
Holston Grainger 1895 1903 TSLA
Holston Depot Grainger 1892 1895 TSLA
Horner’s Store Grainger 1858 1867 TSLA
Idol Grainger 1898 1932 TSLA
Indian Ridge Grainger 1876 1901 TSLA
Industry Grainger 1854 1856 TSLA
Jarmine Grainger 1885 1901 TSLA
Joppa Grainger 1933 1950 TSLA
Knights Store Grainger 1826 1826 TSLA
Lamdin Grainger 1900 1900 TSLA
Larkeyton Grainger 1884 1891 TSLA
Lea Springs Grainger 1936 1939 TSLA
Leas Springs Grainger 1883 1936 TSLA
Liberty Hill Grainger 1878 1967 TSLA
Libertyhill Grainger 1895 1924 TSLA
Lithia Grainger 1897 1903 TSLA
Lulaville Grainger 1886 1900 TSLA
Manley Grainger 1897 1901 TSLA
Maples Grainger 1884 1905 TSLA
Marshall’s Ferry Grainger 1829 1892 TSLA
Massengill Grainger 1900 1917 TSLA
Massengill’s Mills Grainger 1848 1848 TSLA
May Spring (historical) Grainger USGS
Midstay Grainger 1854 1854 TSLA
Mineral Hill Spring Grainger 1883 1883 TSLA
Morristown Grainger 1847 1870 TSLA
Needham Grainger 1899 1901 TSLA
Nich Grainger 1899 1901 TSLA
Noe’s Ferry Grainger 1855 1860 TSLA
Noeton Grainger 1888 1941 TSLA
Olcott Grainger 1881 1893 TSLA
Powder Spring Gap Grainger 1849 1895 TSLA
Powder Springs Grainger 1898 TSLA
Puncheon Grainger 1890 1890 TSLA
Puncheon Camp Grainger 1848 1849 TSLA
Red Hill Grainger 1833 1903 TSLA
Red House Grainger 1892 1895 TSLA
Redhouse Grainger 1895 1903 TSLA
Redwood Grainger 1850 1853 TSLA
Reetha Grainger 1892 1901 TSLA
Richland Grainger 1877 1902 TSLA
Richlandville Grainger 1898 1899 TSLA
Rocky Spring Grainger 1822 1866 TSLA
Rutledge Grainger 1803 TSLA
Simcoe Grainger Unknown 1880 TSLA
Spring House Grainger 1845 1893 TSLA
Statia Grainger 1891 1902 TSLA
Tampico Grainger 1848 1901 TSLA
Tate Grainger 1910 1929 TSLA
Tate Springs Grainger 1873 1910 TSLA
Thorn Hill Grainger 1836 TSLA
Thornhill Grainger 1895 1903 TSLA
Turleys Mill (historical) Grainger Is this Turley’s Mills? USGS
Turley’s Mills Grainger 1876 1910 TSLA
Washburn Grainger 1898 TSLA
Westerville Grainger 1887 1900 TSLA
Y.Z. Grainger 1883 1895 TSLA
Allendale Claiborne 1889 1903 TSLA
Alonzo Claiborne 1898 1903 TSLA
Arthur Claiborne 1890 TSLA
Ausmus Claiborne 1900 Unknown TSLA
Bacchus Claiborne 1883 1901 TSLA
Big Barren Claiborne 1833 1903 TSLA
Big Barren Forge Claiborne 1858 1866 TSLA
Bryson Claiborne 1911 1934 TSLA
Butcher Springs Claiborne 1876 1890 TSLA
Capp’s Ford Claiborne 1875 1903 TSLA
Cawood Claiborne 1901 1901 TSLA
Cedar Fork Claiborne 1869 1894 TSLA
Clairfield Claiborne 1858 TSLA
Clouds Claiborne 1913 1954 TSLA
Coda Claiborne 1900 1900 TSLA
Combs Claiborne 1907 1925 TSLA
Compensation Claiborne 1876 1905 TSLA
Cumberland Gap Claiborne 1803 TSLA
Duo Claiborne 1883 1901 TSLA
Eagan Claiborne 1908 TSLA
East Cumberland Gap Claiborne 1891 1894 TSLA
Edmondson Claiborne 1893 1904 TSLA
Ellison Claiborne 1892 1901 TSLA
Faith Claiborne 1902 1903 TSLA
Fork Ridge Claiborne 1905 1956 TSLA
Fortner Claiborne 1896 1903 TSLA
Francisco Claiborne 1896 1899 TSLA
Friar Claiborne 1892 1901 TSLA
Fugate Claiborne 1897 1903 TSLA
George Claiborne 1888 1890 TSLA
Goin Claiborne 1882 1965 TSLA
Goodbye Claiborne 1898 1903 TSLA
Griggs Claiborne 1898 1904 TSLA
Guitava Claiborne 1898 1903 TSLA
Hamilton Springs Claiborne 1891 1903 TSLA
Harrogate Claiborne 1891 TSLA
Hartranft (historical) Claiborne Is this Hartrouft? USGS
Hartrouft Claiborne 1891 1923 TSLA
Haynes Claiborne 1897 1902 TSLA
Head of Barren Claiborne 1847 1901 TSLA
Hoop Claiborne 1880 1927 TSLA
Howard’s Quarter Claiborne 1857 1866 TSLA
Hypatia Claiborne 1885 1913 TSLA
Ibex Claiborne 1880 1892 TSLA
James Claiborne 1900 1901 TSLA
Keck Claiborne 1894 1894 TSLA
Keck’s Chapel Claiborne 1876 1894 TSLA
Lawtonville Claiborne 1891 1891 TSLA
Little Barren Claiborne Is this the Union county PO? USGS
Lone Mountain Claiborne 1875 1983 TSLA
Manring Claiborne 1905 1932 TSLA
Marcum Claiborne 1936 1952 TSLA
Mayseville Claiborne 1893 1895 TSLA
McHenry’s Ferry Claiborne 1875 1875 TSLA
Mingo Claiborne 1900 1903 TSLA
Minkton Claiborne 1883 1902 TSLA
Mulberry Gap Claiborne 1829 1846 TSLA
Nevils Claiborne 1897 1899 TSLA
New Tazewell Claiborne 1891 TSLA
Nicholson Claiborne 1908 1911 TSLA
Odd Claiborne 1899 1903 TSLA
Old Town Claiborne 1823 1910 TSLA
Pierceville Claiborne 1899 1903 TSLA
Pleasant Claiborne 1852 1903 TSLA
Powell’s River Claiborne 1854 1860 TSLA
Pruden Claiborne 1906 TSLA
Putt Claiborne 1880 1891 TSLA
Quarter (historical) Claiborne USGS
Ralph Claiborne 1895 1903 TSLA
Redmon Claiborne 1898 1903 TSLA
Reece Claiborne 1898 1903 TSLA
Ritchie Claiborne 1887 1901 TSLA
Rob Camp Claiborne 1856 1876 TSLA
Roseburg Claiborne 1897 1903 TSLA
Sand Lick Claiborne 1886 1901 TSLA
Sandlick Claiborne See Sand Lick USGS
Shawanee Claiborne Is this Shawnee? USGS
Shawnee Claiborne 1894 TSLA
Sheltons Ford (historical) Claiborne USGS
Snakepoint Claiborne 1896 1908 TSLA
Speck Claiborne 1880 1911 TSLA
Speedwell Claiborne 1824 TSLA
Speedwell Iron Works Claiborne 1818 1824 TSLA
Spivey Claiborne 1883 1919 TSLA
Springdale Claiborne 1870 1903 TSLA
Sprowles Claiborne 1889 1903 TSLA
Sweet Gum Plains Claiborne 1873 1874 TSLA
Sycamore Claiborne 1837 1870 TSLA
Tackett Claiborne 1880 1905 TSLA
Tazewell Claiborne 1806 TSLA
Teller Claiborne 1897 1901 TSLA
Teressa Claiborne 1880 1888 TSLA
Tiprell Claiborne 1930 1960 TSLA
Treece Claiborne 1881 Unknown TSLA
Valley Creek Claiborne 1921 1955 TSLA
Wesley Claiborne 1880 1907 TSLA
Wilburn Claiborne 1899 1904 TSLA
Wilson Gap Claiborne 1892 1895 TSLA
Wilsongap Claiborne 1895 1903 TSLA
Woodson Cross Roads Claiborne 1854 1866 TSLA
Yellow Springs Claiborne 1830 1897 TSLA
Yoakum Claiborne 1900 1902 TSLA
Zeb Claiborne 1884 1891 TSLA
Zinate Claiborne 1891 1894 TSLA
Acuff Union 1883 1903 TSLA
Ailor Union 1894 1902 TSLA
Ashby Union 1894 1902 TSLA
Avey Union 1902 1903 TSLA
Bartheney Union 1883 1902 TSLA
Bayless Union 1876 1886 TSLA
Berryville Union 1899 1903 TSLA
Biddie Union 1899 1903 TSLA
Big Barren Union 1857 1857 TSLA
Cedar Flat Union 1898 1903 TSLA
Cedar Ford Union 1856 1867 TSLA
Clinch River Union 1866 1869 TSLA
Condon Union 1896 1903 TSLA
Coppock Union 1901 1904 TSLA
Duke Union 1888 1898 TSLA
Dula Union 1899 1902 TSLA
Effie Union 1881 1903 TSLA
Enon Union 1904 1911 TSLA
Esco Union 1887 1903 TSLA
Gabe Union 1889 1903 TSLA
Graveston Union 1866 1866 TSLA
Haynes Union 1865 1897 TSLA
Hermanville Union 1897 1901 TSLA
Hiltonville Union 1902 1903 TSLA
Hurricane Branch Union 1875 1903 TSLA
Jake Union 1888 Unknown TSLA
Jap Union 1898 1903 TSLA
Kate Union 1891 1903 TSLA
Kitt Union 1902 1902 TSLA
Linnie Union 1903 1903 TSLA
Little Barren Union 1876 1903 TSLA
Long Hollow Union 1877 1903 TSLA
Loo Union 1889 1903 TSLA
Lorenaton Union 1885 1894 TSLA
Lostcreek (historical) Union USGS
Loy’s Cross Roads Union 1866 1894 TSLA
Loyston Union 1894 1936 TSLA
Lutrell Union 1890 TSLA
Magnetic Union 1899 1905 TSLA
Mary Union 1899 1906 TSLA
Maynardville Union 1856 TSLA
Meltabarger Union 1882 1896 TSLA
Minnie Union 1901 1903 TSLA
Nave Hill Union 1870 1902 TSLA
Nelsonville Union 1895 1903 TSLA
New Flat Creek Union 1872 1894 TSLA
New Flatcreek Union 1894 1903 TSLA
New Prospect Union 1872 1903 TSLA
Nola Union 1901 1910 TSLA
Paulett Union 1889 1904 TSLA
Phebe Union 1883 1903 TSLA
Polly Union 1899 1903 TSLA
Price Union 1893 1898 TSLA
Racoon Valley Union 1866 1904 TSLA
Ray Union 1891 1910 TSLA
Rhodelia Union 1883 1903 TSLA
Rule Union 1880 1903 TSLA
Ryan Union 1903 1903 TSLA
Sharps Chapel Union 1869 TSLA
Sill Union 1888 1903 TSLA
Simcoe Union 1880 1902 TSLA
Stiner Union 1892 1907 TSLA
Walkerford Union 1898 1903 TSLA
Warwick Union 1891 1902 TSLA
Warwick’s Cross Roads Union 1866 1891 TSLA
Welch Union 1898 1903 TSLA
Woodbourne Union 1854 1866 TSLA
Woodburn Union 1894 1903 TSLA

Grainger County in 1882

By , May 13, 2011

County seat, Rutledge, having 126 inhabitants.  Other towns are, Tate Springs and Mineral Hill Springs, which are both noted summer resorts.

Navigable streams are the Holston and Clinch rivers, which afford water for flat boats. Besides these rivers there are a great number of creeks which furnish abundant water power.

The general surface of the county is made up of a number of flute-like valleys and ridges running from northeast to southwest.

The soil is generally good. There is great abundance of timber of many varieties, the oaks and pines predominating.

The mineral resources of Grainger county are undeveloped, though valuable minerals are believed to exist. The agricultural products are corn, wheat, oats and the various grasses, clover predominating among the grasses.

In the county there are a number of manufacturing establishments on a small scale.

The principal religious denominations are Methodists, Baptists and Dunkards.

County taxation on $100:  for schools 15 cents; for roads, 15 cents; for county purposes, 30 cents; special tax to pay indebtedness, 25 cents.

Source:  Hawkins, A. W., and Colton, Henry E., eds.  Hand-book of Tennessee.  Knoxville:  Whig and Chronicle Steam Book and Job Printing Office (1882), pg.  92.

Mayor and Aldermen of Morristown vs. George A. Shelton

By , May 13, 2011

At Knoxville:  September Term, 1858

  1. Constitutional Law. Town charters granted by the County Court. Const., art. 11, §7. Acts of 1849, ch. 17, and 1856, ch. 254. The act of 1849, ch. 17, authorizing the County Courts, upon certain conditions, to create town corporations, is a valid and constitutional enactment.
  2. Cases Cited. The State vs. Armstrong, 3 Sneed, 634.

From Grainger

This was an agreed case, submitted to the Circuit Court of Grainger, to test the validity of the charter of the town of Morristown, which was incorporated under the provisions of the act of 1849, ch. 17. The question arose upon a motion on behalf of the plaintiff to have certain real estate of the defendant condemned and sold for corporation taxes. At the August Term, 1858, Judge Turley disallowed the motion. The plaintiff appealed in error.

Heiskell and McFarland, for the plaintiff.

Shields, for the defendant.

Caruthers, J., delivered the opinion of the Court.

This case seems mainly intended to test the validity of the incorporation of Morristown. There is an agreed case presenting the facts.

The question is made upon a motion to sell the land of defendant for the satisfaction of the tax assessed by the corporate authorities under the charter. The corporation was organized under the general act, for the incorporation of towns, of 1849, ch. 17. It is not controverted but that the proceedings in this case were in strict conformity to the provisions of that act, and the question is as to its constitutionality.

This statute establishes a general and complete system of municipal government for towns, cities, and villages, and provides, in the 9th section, the mode by which the inhabitants of any particular town may adopt and organize under it. They shall apply by petition, to the County Court setting forth their desire to avail themselves of its privileges, with a description by metes and bounds of the limits of their town, which shall be spread upon the minutes of the Court, and registered in the register’s office.

The objection taken is, that the power to grant charters of incorporation is vested alone in the Legislature, and cannot be delegated to the Courts, or any other authority. The clause in the Constitution on this subject, is the proviso to the 7th sec. of the 11th art., in these words: “the Legislature shall have power to grant such charters of incorporation as they may deem expedient for the public good.” This affirmative communication of this power to the Legislature operates as a negative upon its exercise by the Courts, or its delegation to any other authority.

But then the question arises, has it been delegated by this act? We think very clearly not. The doubt upon this subject has, as it seems, grown out of a misconception of the case of The State vs. Armstrong, 3 Sneed, 634. That case was correctly decided beyond all question. It was upon the act of 1856, ch. 254, by which the full and broad power to create corporations was given to the Circuit Courts, and was, therefore, held to be in violation of the Constitution.

Not so in this act. It gives the County Court no power on the subject but to record the petition for the benefit of a perfect and complete charter, and designates the boundaries to which it is to apply — that is, to prescribe the corporate limits of their town. It cannot add to or diminish the powers, privileges, and immunities granted, nor make the least change of any kind in the charter. The legislative will is fully declared in the act, and nothing is left to the Court but to locate and apply it to any community who may petition for it, and bring themselves within its provisions.

This is very different from the act of 1856, by which the extent and character of the powers given, and the particular objects of the corporation were to be fixed by the Court, or rather, in effect, the wishes and desires of the applicants in this respect ratified by the Court. That was [as palpably in conflict with the Constitution, as this is in conformity to it. There is no discordance between this decision and that; the cases are entirely different.

The object of the Legislature was to save the great waste of time and money consumed in the making and printing separate acts for the incorporation of the thousand towns and villages that might and would spring up in this growing and prosperous State; and we may suppose that the importance, so far as practicable, of producing uniformity in the municipal powers and privileges of the citizens and corporate authorities of all the towns had its influence upon them. This would certainly be desirable, and is a strong consideration in favor of the policy of the act.

This act is nothing different in principle, in reference to this objection, than what is called the “free banking law”; and the constitutionality of that act has not, that we are aware, ever been questioned. If one is not obnoxious to the objection, the other is not. That was a single complete charter of incorporation that might be adopted by a thousand companies, and constitute them bodies corporate and politic for the purpose of banking, upon a compliance with its provisions. This was to be done by application to certain State officers, and the performance of the specified conditions.

Then, we hold, that the mayor and aldermen of Morristown had a right to exercise all the powers and to enjoy the privileges conferred by the act of 1849, among which was the power claimed in this case.

We therefore reverse the judgment of the Circuit Court, and sustain the motion of the plaintiffs.

————————-

Source:

Head, John W., comp. Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Tennessee During the Year 1858 [to 1859], Volume 1. Nashville: J. O. Griffith & Co., Printers (1860), pp. 24-27.

Locales Identified in the GNIS

By , May 13, 2011

Populated Places that appear on topographic maps in the United States are listed in an online database maintained by the federal government’s United States Geological Survey and the U. S. Board on Geographic Names.

This entity is usually referred to as USGS. The database is called the Geographic Names Information System, or GNIS. Many genealogists use it frequently to find places, identify the county location, and determine the coordinates.

The following table contains all populated places in the GNIS identified as being within Grainger County. Places that no longer exist are identified with “(historical).”

The table also includes the latitude and longitude and name of the 7.5′ USGS topographical quadrangle map on which the place is shown. The place names in this table are clickable, taking you to the full entry in the GNIS database. Please note that this is not a comprehensive list of all communities and locales in the county. It is simply the government’s mapping system’s list. Click here to search GNIS for other topographical features or locations.

Populated Places

Place Name Latitude Longitude USGS 7.5′ Map
Agreeable (historical) 361130N 0833700W Joppa
Ambro (historical) 361539N 0833917W Powder Springs
Ashby (historical) 361734N 0834054W Powder Springs
Avondale 361809N 0832746W Avondale
Avondale Springs 361838N 0832745W Avondale
Bald Point 362440N 0832139W Swan Island
Bean Station 362037N 0831703W Bean Station
Beans 361953N 0832205W Bean Station
Beech Grove 362201N 0832811W Avondale
Beeler Mill 361927N 0833718W Dutch Valley
Big Q Estates 361600N 0832511W Avondale
Blaine 360915N 0834215W Luttrell
Boggs 361606N 0832340W Avondale
Bowen 361826N 0832543W Avondale
Buffalo Springs 361304N 0833347W Joppa
Cherokee 361226N 0832952W Talbott
Clear Springs (historical) 361729N 0833534W Dutch Valley
Clinch River (historical) 362141N 0833256W Dutch Valley
Crosby 361735N 0831711W Bean Station
Dotson 362008N 0832950W Avondale
Elm Springs 362010N 0833603W Dutch Valley
Fairview 362303N 0832133W Swan Island
Hammer Store 361449N 0833130W Joppa
Helton 361731N 0832359W Avondale
Highland Springs 361346N 0833834W Luttrell
Highlands (historical) 361330N 0833803W Luttrell
Holston (historical) 361607N 0831705W Bean Station
Hopper Bluff 361551N 0832345W Avondale
Idol 362200N 0832406W Avondale
Joppa 361415N 0833655W Joppa
Lake Forest Estates 361522N 0832505W Avondale
Lea Springs 361040N 0834100W Luttrell
Liberty Hill 361903N 0833652W Dutch Valley
Lulaville 361528N 0833432W Dutch Valley
Maples (historical) 361102N 0833945W Luttrell
Mary Chapel 361807N 0832128W Bean Station
Massengill Mill 361220N 0833322W Joppa
May Springs (historical) 361228N 0832745W Talbott
Meadow Branch 362125N 0831653W Bean Station
New Corinth 361206N 0833655W Joppa
Noeton (historical) 361758N 0832000W Bean Station
Oakland 361040N 0832930W Talbott
Oakman (historical) 362056N 0833338W Dutch Valley
Perrin Hollow 360847N 0833805W Luttrell
Powder Springs 361513N 0834011W Powder Springs
Puncheon Camp 361853N 0833221W Dutch Valley
Richland 360815N 0833956W Luttrell
Riverview 361712N 0832205W Bean Station
Rock Haven 362029N 0832314W Avondale
Rocky Summit (historical) 361720N 0831823W Bean Station
Rutledge 361651N 0833054W Dutch Valley
Shiloh 361210N 0832958W Talbott
Stithsville (historical) 361318N 0832657W Talbott
Sunset 361505N 0833500W Dutch Valley
Sycamore Spring 361405N 0833415W Joppa
Tampico 361147N 0833343W Joppa
Tate Springs 362024N 0832045W Bean Station
Thorn Hill 362130N 0832503W Avondale
Turley Mills (historical) 361548N 0832505W Avondale
Wa-Ni Village 361322N 0832716W Talbott
Washburn 361724N 0833528W Dutch Valley
Williams Springs 362014N 0833444W Dutch Valley
Wyatt Village 361920N 0831656W Bean Station

Census Districts

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Bean Station Division (historical) 362003N 0831931W 1276 Bean Station
Blaine Division (historical) 361519N 0833043W 1434 Dutch Valley
Rutledge Division (historical) 361014N 0833920W 1417 Luttrell
Thorn Hill Division (historical) 362239N 0832457W 1489 Howard Quarter
Washburn Division (historical) 361837N 0833634W 1220 Dutch Valley

Civil Divisions

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
City of Bean Station 362019N 0831712W 1119 Bean Station
City of Blaine 360857N 0834144W 974 Luttrell
Commissioner District 1 361503N 0833110W 1335 Dutch Valley
Commissioner District 2 361801N 0832552W 1112 Avondale
Commissioner District 3 361038N 0833735W 1332 Luttrell
Commissioner District 4 361851N 0833540W 1306 Dutch Valley
Commissioner District 5 361845N 0831958W 1122 Bean Station
Grainger County 361600N 0832900W 1480 Avondale
State of Tennessee 354501N 0861501W 1066 Dillton
Town of Rutledge 361649N 0833111W 1001 Dutch Valley

Communities / Locales

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Beans 361920N 0832210W 1073 Bean Station
Black Fox 361910N 0834027W 1050 Powder Springs
Buffalo Springs State Hatchery 361235N 0833345W 1125 Joppa
Central Point 361517N 0832901W 1355 Avondale
Civilian Conservation Camp Number 27 (historical) 362237N 0832650W 1086 Howard Quarter
Civilian Conservation Corps Camp Number 8 (historical) 361240N 0833355W 1112 Joppa
Coffman Camp 362056N 0833109W 1043 Dutch Valley
Combs Cattle Farm 361306N 0833020W 1394 Joppa
Dutch 362106N 0833304W 1070 Dutch Valley
Fennel Store (historical) 360958N 0833700W 1070 Joppa
Finley Store (historical) 361300N 0833524W 1339 Joppa
German Creek Cabin Area 361731N 0832106W 1148 Bean Station
German Creek Dock 361815N 0832052W 1083 Bean Station
Gilmore Dock 361611N 0832327W 1086 Avondale
Grainger County Farm (historical) 361332N 0833205W 1115 Joppa
Greenlee Campground 361405N 0832604W 1106 Talbott
Henry Crossing 361606N 0833301W 961 Dutch Valley
Indian Cave 360933N 0833605W 902 Joppa
Indian Ridge 361007N 0833632W 1286 Joppa
Leffew Store (historical) 362350N 0832009W 1280 Swan Island
May Springs Campground 361255N 0832735W 1132 Talbott
Miller Store (historical) 361226N 0833711W 1358 Joppa
Narrow Valley 361618N 0832524W 1145 Avondale
Red House 361224N 0833924W 915 Luttrell
Roach Store (historical) 361140N 0833710W 1191 Joppa
Shirley Crossing 361538N 0833401W 971 Dutch Valley
Southern Dock 361546N 0832451W 1086 Avondale
Stones Mill (historical) 360846N 0833944W 889 Luttrell
Wa-Ni Boat Dock 361328N 0832650W 1076 Talbott

General Description of Grainger County

By , May 12, 2011

General Nature of the County

Grainger County is in the northeastern part of Tennessee.  It is bordered on the north by Claiborne and Hancock Counties, on the south by Hamblen and Jefferson Counties, on the east by Hawkins County, and on the west by Knox and Union Counties.  The U. S. Department of Economic and Community Development estimated the population of Grainger County to be 17,400 in 1988.

The county is irregular in shape, measuring about 28 miles from northeast to southwest and about 12
miles from north to south.  It has 193,700 acres, which consists of 181,500 acres of land and 12,200 acres of water.  The county is divided roughly into the northern and southern parts by Clinch Mountain and the Poor Valley Knobs, which extend across the county from northeast to southwest.

The county is in the Southern Appalachian Ridges and Valleys major land resource area.  The soils in this
area formed under forest vegetation and are dominantly light in color.  The soils in the Clinch Mountain and Poor Valley Knobs area are shallow to deep over sandstone or shale bedrock.  The soils in the rest of the county are shallow to very deep, dominantly over limestone or shale bedrock.

History

The area that is now known as Grainger County, between the Clinch and Holston Rivers, was originally
inhabited by the Cherokee Indians.  It was settled by whites about 1785. The first settlements were south of Clinch Mountain, at Bean Station in the Richland Valley, and north of Clinch Mountain, at the head of
Flat Creek.  These settlers were largely Scotch-Irish and German.

The North Carolina Legislature established Grainger County on April 22, 1796 (Holt and others, 1976). The county originally included parts of present-day Claiborne, Hamblen, Campbell, Union, and Hawkins Counties. From 1801 to 1870, Grainger County was reduced in size to its present borders.  In 1801, the county seat was established at Rutledge, in the central part of the county, and the first courthouse was erected. Bean Station, at the eastern edge of the county, bordering Hawkins County, is growing as more
people move into the Cherokee Lake communities nearby.

Natural Resources

Grainger County has an abundant supply of limestone.  Numerous limestone quarries that provide gravel and lime products are throughout the county.

The county has a good supply of fresh water.  Streams that flow throughout the year are common.  There are two large areas of impounded water — Cherokee and Norris Lakes.

Industry

Industry in Grainger County employs more than 1,800 people.  The major enterprises in the county
include textile, furniture, and mobile home manufacturing; trailer making; and metal working.

The housing industry has expanded slightly in recent years, keeping pace with a growing population
in some parts of the county.  Residential subdivisions are becoming more common all over the county.  Most of the residential units are single-family dwellings, but a few multiple-family residential complexes have been built.

Transportation Facilities

U.S. Highways 11W and 25E and State Highway 92 merge in Grainger County, providing ready access to
the surrounding counties and to the cities of Knoxville and Morristown.  Rutledge is 30 miles from access to Interstate 40.  Grainger County has a good network of local roads and streets.  Several roads in remote parts of the county are unpaved.  Several motor freight companies located in nearby cities serve the county.

The airport nearest to Rutledge is in Morristown.  It is a medium-intensity municipal airport.  The nearest
commercial air service is provided by Knoxville’s McGhee-Tyson Airport.

Climate

In winter, the average temperature is 38 degrees F, and the average daily minimum temperature is 27
degrees.  The lowest temperature on record, which occurred at Jefferson City on January 21, 1985, is -26
degrees.  In summer, the average temperature is 75 degrees and the average daily maximum temperature is 87 degrees.  The highest recorded temperature, which occurred on August 21, 1983, is 102 degrees.

The total annual precipitation is 39.65 inches.  Of this, about 21 inches, or more than 50 percent, usually
falls in April through September.  The growing season for most crops falls within this period. In 2 years out of 10, the rainfall in April through September is less than 18 inches.  The heaviest 1-day rainfall during the period of record was 4.82 inches at Jefferson City on May 7, 1984.  Thunderstorms occur on about 47 days each year.

The average seasonal snowfall is about 10.4 inches.  The greatest snow depth at any one time during the period of record was 7 inches.  On the average, 1 day of the year has at least 1 inch of snow on the ground.
The average relative humidity in midafternoon is about 60 percent.  Humidity is higher at night, and the
average at dawn is about 85 percent.  The sun shines 65 percent of the time possible in summer and 45
percent in winter.  The prevailing wind is from the northeast.  Average windspeed is highest, 9 miles per
hour, in spring.

Source:  http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov/Manuscripts/TN057/0/tn_grainger.pdf

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