Category: Land & Property

Entries of Land Grants, 1824-1860

By , February 11, 2014

The following list contains land grants issued by the state of Tennessee and entered in Grainger County from 1824-1860.

Note:  These grants were purchased by the recipient.  They were not for military service.  It is important to understand the background of all transactions involving an individual.

The table below is searchable and sortable.

Grantee(s)DateEntry #Grant # 
Acuff, JohnFebruary 5, 182739113932
Acuff, ThomasJune 2, 18259411233
Acuff, ThomasFebruary 4, 182739213948
Acuff, ThomasDecember 25, 183991323373
Acuff, ThomasDecember 25, 183997423372
Adkin, WinstonMay 2, 182524211238
Adkins, WainwrightJune 24, 183453218847
Alsop, HenryNovember 3, 1856222929694
Alsup, HenryAugust 23, 184892426262
Alsup, HenryAugust 27, 1851194828207
Arnet, JacobSeptember 13, 18436624910
Arnett, JacobFebruary 5, 18276613951
Arnett, Sr JosephJune 3, 182522211243
Arwine, AlbertOctober 1, 18352719207
Arwine, AlbertSeptember 17, 18442925180
Arwine, AlbertSeptember 17, 18443525177
Arwine, AlbertSeptember 17, 184470225179
Atkins, PeterApril 27, 183664619812
Atkins, WainrightJuly 21, 1851185928009
Bailes, JohnJune 9, 185598529374
Ball, ThomasFebruary 6, 182713213949
Ball, ThomasJanuary 17, 182835414925
Ball, ThomasDecember 16, 182935516326
Ball, ThomasJuly 16, 183054316487
Barnard, JohnJune 3, 182510911253
Barton, IsaacSeptember 19, 18263813390
Bearden, Marcus DJanuary 31, 182733013895
Bell, GeorgeJune 21, 183443418841
Bird, JamesJuly 16, 183058916489
Bird, James MSeptember 23, 182615813418
Blain, RobertJanuary 29, 182738813836
Blair, AlexanderSeptember 19, 18267613397
Blair, JamesJuly 15, 183060016482
Blair, James heirs ofDecember 20, 183950723362
Blair, JosiahAugust 18, 1851112728112
Blair, JosiahAugust 18, 1851203028102
Bledsor, Giles JApril 29, 183679619826
Boatright, Clusby HSeptember 23, 182611213420
Boaz, ObidiahJune 24, 183451018852
Boaz, ObidiahJune 20, 183885421797
Boaz, Obidiah & Taylor, Franklin WMarch 12, 1851207327898
Bogle & McAnallyJune 4, 183461818800
Bookard, BrownberryJanuary 31, 182737213883
Bookard, ThomasFebruary 20, 182741413916
Bounds, JesseJune 24, 183467418853
Bowen, David MJuly 14, 183060516478
Bowen, ReeseJuly 7, 182731714420
Bowen, ReeseAugust 27, 1851207228199
Bowen, RuseMarch 12, 185120227902
Bowen, RuseJuly 21, 185120092808
Bowen, RuseNovember 22, 1856216829724
Bowman, JermiahSeptember 19, 18261313380
Bowman, JermiahJune 24, 183463018856
Bowman, William for the use of Brown, JohnSeptember 19, 18269713377
Brackens, JohnDecember 19, 1839101323345
Bradley, JohnDecember 4, 1854206929229
Bradly, IsaacFebruary 1, 18275413947
Bray, AbijahAugust 18, 185177328104
Brian, James OAugust 23, 1824599116
Brian, JosephMarch 1, 1855195729303
Brooks, CharlesJuly 13, 183050116465
Brown, HenryJune 19, 183894321788
Brown, JamesMarch 30, 182616212663
Brown, JohnAugust 21, 1824679150
Brown, JohnJune 3, 182518911257
Brown, JohnJune 7, 182527511278
Brown, JohnJuly 16, 183040616490
Brown, JohnJanuary 29, 184259624631
Brown, ThomasAugust 25, 1824829147
Brown, ThomasJuly 16, 183027316491
Brown, WilliamJanuary 29, 182738313858
Bucker, WilliamFebruary 1, 182733513898
Buckner & CoffeeJune 7, 182524411282
Bull, ClaibornAugust 18, 1851214028107
Bull, ElishaApril 27, 183660719810
Bull, GeorgeJune 23, 183547018842
Bullen, JosephFebruary 23, 185256428498
Bullin, JamesSeptember 17, 184457825181
Bullin, JosephSeptember 19, 18261513384
Bullins, JamesSeptember 18, 18261213376
Bunch, JohnAugust 21, 1824249136
Bunch, JohnJanuary 30, 182734913859
Bunch, JohnFebruary 5, 182742513930
Bunch, JohnFebruary 5, 182745913959
Bunch, John & SamJanuary 30, 182729513872
Bunch, SamJune 3, 182516611259
Bunch, SamJune 7, 182516711271
Bunch, SamSeptember 28, 183974722847
Bunch, SamSeptember 28, 1839191622848
Bunch, SamuelAugust 23, 182419115
Burnett, JosephOctober 23, 184882826314
Burnett, RichardJune 2, 182511611232
Burnett, RichardJune 23, 183454918845
Butler, JamesApril 29, 183672419893
Callison, JohnDecember 19, 183992223349
Callison, SamJanuary 30, 182729413860
Campbell, LeviAugust 18, 1851208428103
Carden, William TAugust 18, 18512104281O1
Cardwell, AnthonyAugust 24, 1824149137
Cardwell, AnthonyAugust 21, 1824649149
Cardwell, AnthonyJanuary 28, 184288724625
Cardwell, RobertAugust 25, 1824119145
Cardwell, RobtJune 6, 182523111265
Cardwell, RobtJanuary 30, 182728713864
Carle (Curl), William WFebruary 3, 182710913926
Carle, Joshua DMarch 1, 1855212229309
Carle, Joshua DMarch 1, 1855212329308
Carle, Joshua DMarch 1, 1855222029307
Carmichael, James TSeptember 26, 1855218929443
Cassady, JamesJune 7, 18259511285
Cates, CharlesJune 24, 183468518857
Center, NelsonDecember 19, 183966123353
Center, Stephen WSeptember 18, 18262713373
Center, Stephen WSeptember 18, 18264613372
Center, Stephen WSeptember 18, 18267813371
Champlain, ThomasFebruary 8, 182521010439
Chesney, JohnDecember 19, 183981023348
Chismy, JohnMay 28, 1859101530254
Churchman, ReubenDecember 19, 183983823341
Clark, JohnJune 8, 182522711294
Clark, JohnJanuary 29, 184281424642
Clay, WilliamJanuary 30, 182741613873
Cleveland, MartinFebruary 8, 182521510434
Clouch, DanielJune 19, 183462918818
Clowers, JamesOctober 1, 183521819195
Coats, DavidFebruary 1, 182732013902
Cobb, JosephJune 2, 182514111225
Cobb, JosephJune 1, 182317711211
Cobb, JosephJuly 17, 183040016497
Cobb, JosephMarch 29, 184189923665
Cobb, JosephOctober 23, 1848186926331
Cobos, JosephJune 20, 183:)):!18823
Cocke & JackJune 7, 182522911283
Cocke, JohnDecember 25, 183916823374
Cocke, Plesant SFebruary 7, 182514910428
Cocke, Plesant sJune 7, 182515011281
Cocke, Thomas LApril 8, 184143023678
Cocke, Thomas LMarch 30, 184188123668
Cocke, William CAugust 26, 18241469157
Cocke, William MApril 4, 184190723676
Cocke, Wm EJune 3, 182515711247
Cocke, Wm MDecember 4, 1854219029234
Cockram, DavidSeptember 20, 184496025202
Cockran, DavidAugust 25, 18241759146
Cockran, DavidJanuary 6, 182734313887
Coffee, GeorgeJune 21, 183461318836
Coffee, JoelMarch 29, 184189923664
Coffee, MeridethJune 22, 183882421795
Coffee, MeridithJune 19, 183883121793
Coffey, JamesJanuary 22, 1855227629268
Coffey, JoelJune 9, 1855226429372
Coffey, JoelJune 9, 1855226529373
Coffin, MeridithApril 3, 182625712671
Coffman, AndrewJune 21, 133466418826
Coffman, DanielAugust 26, 1824899162
Coffman, DavidApril 29, 183660919819
Collins, AllenJuly 13, 183047316470
Collins, Brice GJune 22, 183860221804
Collins, DarvellJuly 21, 1851102428011
Collins, DowellJune 21, 183460418825
Collins, EdmondJuly 13, 183050316460
Collins, Joseph & WesleyOctober 4, 186088430446
Collins, LarkinJanuary 30, 182725113865
Collins, RoyalJune 19, 183460318820
Collins, SamuelMay 24, 183435213790
Collison, SamuelAugust 21, 1824289154
Conn, Thomas HJuly 9, 182833915323
Conn, Thomas WFebruary 12, 184773425727
Conn, Thomas WMarch 31, 185173427909
Conner, JohnApril 28, 183677419816
Conner, Richard (?)December 20, 183980423364
Conner, Thomas (?)June 18, 183877521787
Conner, WilliamDecember 19, 183990223365
Coose, WilliamOctober 23, 184880226311
Coram (Crain,, WilliamFebruary 1, 182740313899
Cotner, JohnAugust 25, 1824169142
Cotner, JohnMarch 30, 182628112662
Cotum, CalvinMarch 1, 1855217729302
Cox, JohnDecember 20, 185979130326
Cox, SolomanDecember 16, 182946816323
Craighead & MassingaleSeptember 26, 183519157
Crain, PlesantJune 24, 183429818846
Crain, Sr CharlesJune 3, 182521711250
Crain, Sr CharlesFebruary 5, 182724513933
Craine, HughJune 22, 183823421805
Crane, CharlesJune 1, 182521411217
Craw, CharlesApril 3, 182624512670
Crews, HowellFebruary 1, 182717913908
Crews, HowellJune 6, 182524611219
Crosby, GeorgeMay 24, 183449418786
Crow, MathisJune 23, 183448518845
Curl, John TFebruary 8, 18258010437
Curl, John TJune 7, 182520311280
Curl, John TJune 7, 182526411279
Curl, John TFebruary 21, 1852209228493
Curl, John TOctober 1, 183519196
Curnett, WmFebruary 7, 18253210431
Dalton, AndersonMarch 29, 185930236
Dalton, EnochAugust 18, 1851189528109
Dalton, EnochMarch 16, 1852212628520
Dalton, EnochOctober 23, 184826315
Dalton, ReubenJuly 21, 185166628010
Damewood, LawsonMarch 1, 1855210229305
Daniel, JamesDecember 17, 182926916329
Daniel, WmJanuary 19, 182830214936
Darnel, JamesAugust 27, 1851201228201
Dautton, MeradethFebruary 2, 182736813918
Davenport, EdwardApril 3, 184173023672
Davis, JamesJanuary 28, 1842100124627
Davis, James & Joel, Henry heirs ofNovember 3, 185629727
Davis, JohnAugust 27, 185153628214
Davis, JohnApril 16, 184159423683
Davis, SamuelAugust 26, 1824189151
Deas, RhodaJune 19, 183442218817
Dent, JohnFebruary 8, 18252110440
Dent, JohnFebruary 1, 182740713913
Devault, JohnJuly 16, 183054516492
Devault, JohnAugust 27, 185197528198
Dickson, ReubenJune 6, 182524911267
Dinnwiddie, Wm NJune 6, 1854217929125
Dixson, ReubinSeptember 19, 182617813383
Dolton, EuriahDecember 19, 183966323355
Donehew, WilliamJune 10, 185664429647
Donehew, WilliamJune 10, 1856222229642
Dotson, JoelMarch 1, 185556529311
Dotson, John DJuly 9, 182830415330
Dotson, SamJanuary 19, 182831514931
Dotson, WmMarch 1, 1855210229291
Duncan, ThomasApril 3, 1841100023674
Duneum, BenjApril 3, 182625512673
Dyer, JamesFebruary 6, 182744913950
Dyer, James JrAugust 24, 1824429117
Dyer, JosephAugust 24, 1824839141
Dyer, ThomasApril 8, 184140023677
Dyer, WilliamAugust 26, 1824539163
Dyer, WilliamJune 6, 182516911264
Dyer, WilliamJuly 17, 182733614424
Dyer, WilliamJuly 17, 182738714425
Dyer, WilliamJanuary 29, 184242424633
Easley, JohnApril 12, 1853220928529
Easterly, JohnAugust 26, 1824729153
Eaton, DanielJune 8, 1825811295
Eaton, JamesJanuary 19, 182833314933
Eaton, Robt DFebruary 21, 1853197128497
Eaton, WmJanuary 19, 182834014937
Eaton, WmJanuary 18, 182834114927
Edwards, MaryFebruary 6, 182746013945
Edwards, MaryFebruary 6, 182746113953
Elkins, DavidAugus:t 24, 1824419134
Elkins, DavidOctober 24, 184899126324
Ellis, Lewis MOctober 24, 1845200726321
Ellis, Thomas HFebruary 23, 1853208828499
Error9057
Evans, AbsolumJune 1, 182514711216
Evans, George HJuly 17, 183050616498
Evans, HamiltonAugust 27, 1851191328209
Evans, TilghmanMarch 12, 1851216027904
Farmer, JohnSeptember 17, 184456625178
Ferguson, JohnJune 7, 182519511276
Ferguson, JohnJune 7, 182523811275
Ferguson, JohnJanuary 29, 182731913857
Fielding, WileySeptember 16, 1856226029587
Floyd, WilliamDecember 4, 185429245
Frogaon, SolomanFebruary 5, 182728413936
Frost, HenryOctober 24, 184850426329
Frost, HenryMay 28, 1859212430253
Frost, John HFebruary 21, 1852205228494
Frost, StephenAugust 24, 1824339140
Frost, StephenJuly 14, 183046416479
Fry, RobtJuly 9, 182833715322
Gaines, Bales ESeptember 20, 184480925203
Gaines, Bales EOctober 24, 1848100626327
Gaines, Robert heirs ofAugust 23, 184885126263
Gaines, Robert heirs ofAugust 24, 184895426325
Gains, RobertJanuary 30, 182732113880
Gains, RobertJanuary 30, 182732213888
Gains, RobtFebruary 7, 18251710432
Gains, RobtFebruary 7, 182513910427
Galyean, JamesJune 3, 182518811246
Garretson, JobAugust 27, 185168628202
Garretson, JobeAugust 27, 185180028200
Garretson, JohnSeptember 19, 182612413395
Gill, SamOctober 4, 1860207430447
Gill, SamJune 27, 1849266626747
Gill, ThomasJune 3, 182516011244
Goan, ThomasSeptember 20, 184482225208
Goans, DanielJuly 13, 183041716468
Goans, ThomnasDecember 20, 1859186130327
Graham, AndrewMarch 1, 185588629306
Grantham, Jr RichardSeptember 23, 182621113422
Gray, JohnAugust 24, 1824719133
Gray, NathanJuly 14, 183058116478
Greer, ThomasDecember 4, 185499329230
Greir, StephensIVJarch 31, 182626012666
Grigsby, John RSeptember 16, 1856209829669
Grubb, JacobApril 29, 183611019820
Grubb, JacobFebruary 8, 182512110441
Grubb, JacobFebruary 7, 182516310433
Grubb, JacobFebruary 8, 182516410442
Grubb, JacobOctober 1, 183532319197
Grubb, JacobJuly 7, 182749314419
Hail, MarkAugust 21, 18241119159
Haley, ClaiborneFebruary 6, 182728313952
Haley, ClaiborneJuly 13, 183051916467
Hammers, EnochOctober 24, 1848190926319
Hankins, James SrMay 28, 1859223830255
Hankins, WilliamOctober 1, 18357519200
Hany, JohnMarch 12, 185196627899
Harny, John LAugust 18, 185190828113
Harrell, JnoJune 7, 182510711289
Harrell, JohnJune 24, 183437418848
Harrell, JohnJune 21, 183455518830
Harrill, RoadmanAugust 18, 1851199328115
Harris, DavidMarch 1, 1855210629312
Harris, IsaacMay 2, 183583419144
Harris, IsaacDecember 30, 183985823363
Harvey, BashaJune 7, 182511011290
Haskin, Thomas CAugust 29, 1855929
Hawkins, HenryFebruary 6, 182721513944
Hawkins, Henry LNovember 25, 184089823673
Hawkins, JamesMarch 30, 184199623667
Hawkins, StephenFebruary 5, 182738213928
Hawkins, WmJune 2, 182525411230
Hawkins, Wm (Hankins?)June 2, 182525311228
Hays, HarmonJanuary 28, 1842189824623
Hays, WilliamJanuary 30, 182732413878
Helton, Alexander GJuly 9, 182849515329
Henderson, ThomasSeptember 19, 18265813398
Henderson, William YJune 21, 183418833
Herrell, WilliamSeptember 18, 18267713370
Herrill, WmJuly 9, 182836915325
Hickey, JoshuaJuly 13, 183039516469
Hill, JamesAugust 24, 1824619136
Hill, John heirs ofJune 9, 185588329371
Hill, JosephSeptember 23, 18265213427
Hilton, AlexanderSeptember 21, 18266213404
Hilton, JohnJune 21, 183461518835
Hilton, JohnJune 4, 183418801
Hinds, JamesOctober 1, 18359619204
Hines, JamesMarch 31, 18269412662
Hines, JamesMarch 31, 182622012667
Hines, JamesJanuary 30, 182729813876
Hines, JamesAugust 23, 184898826264
Hines, JamesAugust 22, 184898926261
Hines, John BMay 11, 1846203625610
Hines, ZephniahJanuary 1, 182729913904
Hinlton, JamesSeptember 16, 1844103125172
Hiphear, HenryAugust 18, 1851190028111
Hiphere, JacobDecember 4, 1854224829243
Hipshear, JacobJune 3, 182522411249
Hipshear, Jacob & MilyFebruary 21, 185228495
Hipsher, WileyMay 28, 1859218030260
Hipshere, ColbirtJanuary 28, 184288924618
Hipshier, ElijahSeptember 17, 184445225182
Hipshier, HenryJanuary 31, 182739713890
Hipshier, HenryJune 21, 183462518834
Hipshier, HenryOctober 23, 184883926317
Hipshier, JohnSeptember 16, 184465825174
Hipshier, JohnOctober 24, 184883026322
Hipshier, JohnJune 4, 183418788
Hipshin, JohnJuly 14, 183044416475
Hipshire, WilliamJune 19, 183840021789
Hitower, EpaphroditusMarch 3, 182610012664
Hitower, JoshuaApril 3, 182610112674
Hobbs, JohnAugust 27, 1851206328216
Hodge, EliSeptember 19, 18269113391
Hodge, Robt CSeptember 21, 182613713408
Hodge, ThomasFebruary 21, 1852218528492
Hodges, Jacob CMay 28, 1859224230259
Hollowman, WilliamJanuary 30, 182724313862
Hone, Sam MJune 19, 183058518822
Hone, Saml MJune 19, 183418821
Honn (Houn?), JacobAugust 24, 1824709119
Hopkins, ThomasJuly 16, 183046316494
Hopper, JoshuaJune 19, 183418819
Horton, HughApril 25, 183650819801
Horton, HughApril 24, 183663819802
Houston, HughJuly 13, 1830716461
Houston, HughDecember 11, 182418210005
Houston, HughJune 1, 182519611212
Houston, HughJuly 13, 183033216464
Houston, HughJanuary 30, 182733413879
Houston, HughJuly 13, 183057016473
Howell, James NJune 20, 183881221779
Howell, JohnAugust 24, 182459121
Howell, ThomasJune 3, 182519311256
Howell, Thomas & WilliamDecember l6, 182952116322
Howeton, WilliamJune 24, 183467318850
Hubbs, Adam WDecember 4, 1854223629232
Hubbs, JohnJanuary 29, 184293624638
Hubbs, JohnJanuary 28, 1842189924622
Hubbs, JohnMarch 15, 1856201929563
Humberd, William PJune 21, 183431118837
Humphry, JnoJune 8, 182522511293
Hutcherson, JermiahJanuary 31, 182736413897
Inns, WrnMarch 15, 185687629561
Irby, CharlesJune 3, 182524011243
Ivy, BenjaminApril 19, 184123685
Ivy, JohnDecember 20, 183965223359
Jack & BrownSeptember 18, 18262513374
Jack & BrownJune 3, 182518411245
Jackson, CorbinApril 29, 183675819817
Jackson, CorbinApril 28, 183677919814
Jackson, Joseph & Abner G January29 1842, 191124630
James, JamesSeptember 8, 1859202330276
James, NicholasSeptember 19, 182620813394
Jarnagan, IraJune 22, 183880621807
Jarnagan, JermiahJanuary 30, 182741113870
Jarnagan, JermiahJanuary 30, 182741313871
Jarnagan, JermiahJuly 15, 183055816483
Jarnagan, JermiahDecember 25, 183981623367
Jarnagan, JermiahDecember 20, 183987023357
Jarnagan, JohnJanuary 1, 182743213910
Jarnagin, CaswellJanuary 31, 182729013891
Jarnagin, JamesJanuary 29, 184295824637
Jarnagin, JermiahJune 9, 1855219829368
Jarnagin, Jermiah & Green, A PDecember 20, 1859205530325
Jarnagin, ThomasFebruary 7, 182520410426
Jenning, RoyalApril 5, 183776120659
Jenning, WilliamApril 29, 183637619829
Jennings, JohnSeptember 18, 18266013375
Jennings, John CDecember 4, 1854225329239
Jennings, John PSeptember 18, 1844201825193
Jennings, William DJuly 9, 182829715327
Johnson, AmbroseFebruary 2, 182737513915
Johnson, AmbroseJuly 15, 183046216480
Johnson, JoshuaFebruary 2, 182728813914
Johnson, PlesantAugust 18, 1851193728006
Johnson, Sanford & Bassett, SpencerSeptember 17, 184497925185
Johnson, WilliamJanuary 1, 182744113901
Johnston, AmbroseJune 4, 183461018799
Johnston, StephenOctober 1, 183510819202
Johnston, ThomasAugust 24, 18241029125
Jones, JohnJune 8, 182510411296
Jones, ThomasJune 2, 182519111224
Jones, ThomasDecember 4, 1854218629236
Jones, WilliamJuly 13, 183049116466
Jones, WilliamJune 23, 183454018844
Jones, William PSeptember 17, 184474925183
Jones, Wm S & Windham, GeorgeDecember 4, 1854220729238
Kennon, JamesDecember 19, 183965323351
Kennon, JamesDecember 19, 183965423352
Kennor, HughJune 7, 182525811277
Kersey, Sr AgnesMay 28, 1859233430256
Kidwell, DavidJuly 9, 182844315320
Kidwell, JohnJanuary 29, 1842187124640
Kinder, JacobJanuary 22, 1855223229269
Kinder, JosephJune 7, 182518311272
Kinder, JosephJune 4, 182526711261
King, JohnSeptember 19, 18265713381
King, JohnSeptember l9, 1826115
Kirkham, WilliamSeptember 19, 18266813338
Kirkland, John & JacobJuly 16, 183058616493
Kirkman, Jacob PAugust 27, 1851205128210
Kirkman, John & JacobJuly 17, 182738514423
Kirkman, John & JacobJuly 7, 182746514418
Kits, Peter & Jones, HughDecember 20, 183987323360
Labow, JosephSeptember 22, 18262913413
Lafferty, John & JamesSeptember 18, 1844201425194
Lafferty, John & JamesMarch 12, 1851209927906
Laitham, Claiborne W & Lea, Harmon GDecember 11, 182950016321
Lane, JamesFebruary 6, 182737113954
Lane, JohnMarch 1, 1855212729298
Lane, SamuelDecember 4, 1854227729240
Lane, SamuelNovember 22, 1856228229723
Lane, WilliamSeptember 20, 1844190425206
Latham, Claiborne W & Lea, W GJanuary 6, 1850192729798
Latham, JohnSeptember 19, 18263113385
Lathem, JohnJuly 17, 182749914426
Lathiam, Claibourn & Lea, Harmon GFebruary 21, 1852202528491
Lathim, Claibourn & Lea, Harmon GSeptember 18, 1844190225191
Lathin, JamesAugust 24, 18241159120
Lea, Harmon GJanuary 31, 182744513884
Lea, Harmon GDecember 25, 183864023368
Lea, Harmon GJune 19, 183865021791
Lea, Harmon GJanuary 6, 185769329801
Lea, Harmon GOctober 24, 184877826323
Lea, Harmon GOctober 21, 185696029696
Lea, Harmon GOctober 24, 184898026320
Lea, Harmon GJanuary 22, 185598129271
Lea, Harmon GJuly 11, 1850183229732
Lea, Harmon GJanuary 6, 1857196229799
Lea, Harmon GDecember 4, 1854205829231
Lea, Harmon G & Latham, C WJanuary 6, 185729800
Lea, LaveniaFebruary 1, 182742013907
Lea, PryorJune 24, 183441818851
Lea, PryorMay 24, 183441918791
Lea, Thomas IJanuary 30, 182727913867
Lea, W G & Chandler, JohnDecember 4, 1854186226
Lebo, JohnJanuary 18, 182845414930
Lebon, IsaacSeptember 17, 1844196525184
Lebow, JohnJune 1, 182520511213
Lewis, JamesJune 21, 183448818838
Lide, John WDecember 29, 183124317187
Livingston, JacobAugust 24, 1824749124
Livingston, JacobMarch 12, 18512076
Loid, RobertJanuary 30, 182730813868
Loid, ThomasJanuary 30, 182736013869
Long, JohnOctober 1, 183533319206
Long, RobertMarch 12, 1851203927905
Long, RobtSeptember 19, 182615613389
Long, RobtSeptember 20, 182615713401
Long, RobtJune 2, 182524111237
Long, RobtJune 21, 183470418831
Lowe, AbnerJune 6, 182514811270
Lowe, AbnerJune 6, 182527611266
Lowe, AbnerJuly 14, 183034516474
Loyd, RobertApril 8, 1841183723681
Loyd, RobtJune 8, 182511911298
Loyd, ThomasJune 7, 182516511284
Loyed, RobtJuly 9, 182836115326
Mackey, Berry & the heirs of Mackey, WmJanuary 22, 1855198129270
Magan, JohnJuly 15, 183032616485
Magee, ZeraJanuary 31, 182741013882
Malicote, JamesMarch 1, 1855193429304
Mallicoat, JohnSeptember 18, 184485225189
Mallicoate, Wm CMarch 15, 1856210829565
Mallicoate, Wm cMarch 15, 1856210829565
Mallicot, WilliamApril 26, 183669619805
Mams, ThomasJune 21, 183436318840
Mams, WmJune 3, 182510411248
Manley, DavidJuly 17, 182728614422
Manly, AbsalomApril 27, 1841184523687
Manly, DavidAugust 18, 1851191728108
Maples, JosiahFebruary 8, 18253510438
Mase, JohnAugust 18, 1851199628110
Massingale, MichaelJune 24, 18345918858
Mauly, WilsonAugust 18, 1851194528114
Mays, DuleyJanuary 18, 182830114926
Mays, JamesSeptember 19, 182611713386
Mays, JamesApril 26, 183681519807
Mays, JohnOctober 23, 1848202026312
Mays, JohnJanuary 10, 1852211228461
Mays, JohnJanuary 10, 1852217328462
Mayse, JohnMarch 15, 1856230329562
McAnally, CharlesSeptember 19, 18268713382
McAnally, CharlesFebruary 5, 182715213927
McAnally, CharlesFebruary 3, 182717413923
McAnally, CharlesDecember 17, 182948616328
McAnally, CharlesOctober 2, 184576325386
McAnally, CharlesApril 26, 183682119803
McAnally, CharlesAugust 21, 1848206526259
McAnally, Charles & McGinnis, RobtJuly 14, 183060616477
McAnally, Charles & Payne, AquillaJuly 15, 183052216486
McAnally, DavidJune 9, 1855206429369
McAnally, JamesJuly 16, 183059016495
McAnally, Jesse & ElbertFebruary 21, 1852280628496
McAnally, Thomas & JamesDecember 1829, 48748716327
McAnally, Thomas & NancyOctober 26, 1848197526347
McAnallys, David RSeptember 20, 184434725207
McAnallys, David, R, Thomas, James & Charles WSeptember 19, 184473225201
McAnallys, James & WesleySeptember 27, 1844195225209
McBroom, ThomasAugust 26, 18241799126
McBroom, ThomasJanuary 2, 182720213920
McBroom, ThomasJanuary 28, 184285924620
McCary, Claibourn heirs ofFebruary 21, 1852201528490
McConnell, AbrahamSeptember 16, 184462325175
McFarland, Benjamin FDecember 25, 183986323347
McGee, ZeraAugust 26, 182499130
McGinnis, CharlesJanuary 29, 1842188824628
McGinnis, EdwardDecember 4, 1854205029228
McGinnis, MosesJanuary 3, 182736613925
McGinnis, RobtJuly 9, 182847115321
McGinnis, RobtJuly 9, 182847215319
McHone, Zachariah & SamOctober 1, 183512919203
McK:inny, SethJune 9, 1855204729375
McMillan, ThomasSeptember 18, 184479025192
McMillan, ThomasSeptember 18, 184479125190
McMillan, ThomasSeptember 19, 184491125199
McMullan, ThomasDecember 25, 183946623366
MeGrimes, RobertSeptember 16, 184479025176
Miller, JamesDecember 4, 1854224729237
Mills, JamesOctober 24, 1848100226328
Mitchel, GreenberryJune 2, 182520611227
Mitchel, GreenberryJanuary 19, 182831514935
Mitchell, CalvinMarch 15, 1856217429566
Mitchell, CalvinMarch 15, 1856217429566
Mitchell, ElijahAugust 27, 185196328211
Mitchell, GreenberryJanuary 29, 184295724634
Moffatt, John SJune 27, 1849208226746
Monroe, RobertFebruary 6, 182717213941
Moody, William MJuly 9, 182829115328
Moody, William MDecember 25, 183985523371
Moody, William MJanuary 28, 184287424624
Moody, William MJanuary 29, 184297324635
Moody, William MOctober 26, 1848197726346
Moor, MachnepJune 2, 182519811240
Moor, WmJune 7, 182518511288
Moore, JohnApril 29, 183676819822
Moore, MasterSeptember 22, 182612813414
Moore, Robert POctober 23, 1848191726316
Morgan, Allen DJune 8, 182515110292
Morgan, Allen DJune 1, 182523611218
Morgan, Allen DJanuary 31, 182738113889
Morgan, JohnJanuary 30, 182727813863
Morris, DruryMarch 12, 1851208527901
Morris, JuDueAugust 27, 1851197828196
Morriss, JohnSeptember 22, 18262013411
Moyers, FrederickAugust 26, 18241819148
Moyers, JamesJune 3, 182527011260
Moyers, NancyApril 29, 183668319823
Myers, JnoAugust 27, 1824679171
Mynatt, JohnJanuary 30, 182730813874
Mynatt, MillyDecember 19, 183953323344
Name, ReubenSeptember 16, 184478125173
Name, ReubenApril 26, 184186123686
Name, Sr, JohnJanuary 28, 1842100824626
Nance, John & ReubenMarch 12, 185178327900
Nance, ReubenJune 2, 182525211222
Nash, MarvelSeptember 19, 184472025196
Nash, MarvelSeptember 19, 184473125197
Nash, MarvelSeptember 18, 1844184125188
Nash, MarvelSeptember 19, 1844184225198
Nash, Thomas heirs ofSeptember 19, 184481925200
Newman, JohnAugust 26, 1824939152
Newman, JohnApril 27, 183671819811
Noe & BoatmanSeptember 21, 182619213405
Noe, DavidAugust 24, 182449122
Noe, DavidSeptember 23, 182612513421
Noe, JacobSeptember 22, 18268413415
Noe, John FMarch 12, 1851202527907
Noe, JosephSeptember 22, 18266313416
Norris, GarlandFebruary 7, 1825510430
Norris, GarlandDecember 20, 183967623354
Norris, GeorgeAugust 24, 1824499139
Norris, JamesJune 2, 182512711229
Norris, JarnetMay 2, 18255111231
Norris, JarnetJuly 17, 183059816496
Norris, JarrelJanuary 31, 182739313882
Norris, JarretOctober 26, 184856726345
Nuckles, JohnOctober 24, 184892826326
Nuckolds, JohnAugust 27, 1851210028203
Oar, WilsonAugust 24, 1824659127
Ogan, MaryAugust 27, 185193128206
Ogan, PeterApril 29, 183655919818
Ogan, PeterApril 29, 183656019851
Oliver, WilsonMay 24, 183554218789
Oliver, WilsonApril 29, 183675919821
Ore, WilsonApril 26, 183674519828
Page, ArchilasFebruary 1, 182732813911
Paine, MosesDecember 20, 183967023356
Paine, MosesSeptember 18, 184489425195
Paschal, SilasMarch 15, 1856225829564
Patterson, Joseph WSeptember 18, 1844201125187
Patterson, Thomas JJune 20, 183872521801
Patton, John MAugust 27, 1851209128213
Payne, AguillaDecember 16, 182933616320
Payne, AguillaAugust 18, 185190328116
Payne, MosesJune 7, 182514511287
Payne, MosesFebruary 3, 182740413924
Pearson, MaklenDecember 19, 183971723343
Peck, BenjaminApril 16, 1841191723684
Peck, BenjaminApril 16, 1841191923682
Peck, JacobFebruary 1, 18274813906
Perrin, NancyApril 29, 183663419825
Perrin, Nancy MaryApril 29, 183663619808
Perrin, WilliamJuly 13, 183011416472
Perrin, WilliamJuly 17, 183031816499
Perry, JohnJune 3, 18252211241
Peters, JohnJanuary 31, 182736513886
Peters, JohnFebruary 2, 182739413919
Pettibone, GeorgeJuly 26, 183695021046
Pettibone, SamJuly 26, 183695121044
Pheps, Norris AJuly 26, 183697121045
Phillips, IsaacMarch 30, 184153723669
Phillips, JohnJune 21, 183572718827
Popejoy, NatOctober 1, 183527419205
Posey, DavidAugust 27, 1851100528215
Posey, David CAugust 21, 185199428208
Prague, stephen heirsof August 27, 185168428212
Price, CatherineMarch 12, 185127908
Proffitt, GabrielDecember 1, 185675429697
Proffitt, JosephApril 26, 183675319806
Pulse, PollySeptember 19, 18261013399
Purchassile [Purkapile?], JacobSeptember 21, 18264513407
RayeJ WilliamApril 27, 183666519809
Rayl, JesseDecember 19, 183963223342
Read, FelpsJuly 17, 182743014421
Read, WmJune 7, 182526211273
Read, WmJune 7, 182518011274
Reese, IsaiahAugust 27, 185180128197
Reese, IsaiahAugust 27, 185195628195
Renfro, JohnFebruary 5, 182716113938
Renfro, Stephen CDecember 19, 183987223346
Renpbro [Renfro ?], JohnFebruary 2, 182722613937
Rentfro & GainesJanuary 28, 184276424619
Rentfro, Sr JohnAugust 27, 1851183428204
Rentfro, Stephen CJune 19, 1838875
Rhea, SamJune 8, 182522111297
Roach, AbsalomAugust 24, 1824399129
Roach, AbsalomDecember 20, 183951323358
Roach, AbsalomMarch 24, 183564118787
Roach, AbsalomJune 24, 183564218854
Roach, DrewryAugust 24, 1824409131
Roach, GreenOctober 23, 1848202326313
Roach, JohnJune 3, 182519711255
Roach, JohnDecember 25, 183974623369
Roach, SamDecember 25, 183984023370
Roberts, DennisJune 8, 182523211291
Robinson, FieldingAugust 26, 1824439164
Robinson, ThomasSeptember 19, 18267913400
Robinson, WillieJune 3, 182519411258
Rook, HizikiahOctober 1, 18359019201
Rooth, StephenDecember 4, 185490529227
Royal, WilliamSeptember 21, 182611313409
Ruce [Rice ?], ThomasSeptember 22, 18263013412
Rucker & HaseFebruary 2, 182725013934
Rucker, JohnFebruary 2, 182732913929
Rucker, JohnJuly 13, 183055716463
Rucker, JohnApril 8, 184192123680
Rud, CharlesSeptember 23, 1826213417
Ruse, IsaiahSeptember 21, 182612313410
Ruth, IsaacFebruary 6, 182717013955
Samsel, PeterFebruary 1, 182729213900
Samsil, PeterAugust 26, 1824569155
Saterfield, GreenberryMarch 1, 1855192429301
Saterfield, GreenberryMarch 1, 1855192829310
Satterfield, ElizabethSeptember 25, 184313124934
Scruggs, Rufus MOctober 25, 184886926335
Senter, Nelson A76221792
Senter, Nelson AOctober 24, 1851102628420
Shannon, JosephSeptember 21, 18263713406
Shannon, Joseph79221800
Shannon, Joseph90021803
Shannon, Joseph85,321796
Shannon, Joseph19198
Shanon & LongJune 6, 182526511268
ShanonJ JosephJune 1, 182523411215
Sharp, AmosFebruary 1, 182737813905
Sharp, AnosAugust 18, 1851190628105
Sharp, SampsonFebruary 6, 182719913943
Shelton, John, Miller, James, Shelton, Sam & David heirs April 23, 1845104625260
Shelton, Ralph for the use of DodsonSeptember 19, 18262413387
Shields, Johnson & RiceJune 21, 183464918829
Shields, Sam & MiltonMarch 10, 1845201725257
Shields, Sam & MiltonMarch 10, 1845203125256
Shirley, BalserJanuary 30, 182735013875
Simmons, JamesAugust 24, 1824349132
Simmons, JamesFebruary 2, 182730613922
Simmons, JamesJanuary 31, 182730713894
Simmons, JamesJanuary 31, 182734213893
Simmons, JohnFebruary 6, 182744013951
Simmons, RobtMarch 30, 182624312661
Simmons, RobtApril 3, 182617412668
Simmons, RobtFebruary 5, 182729613935
Simmons, RobtApril 3, 182621212672
Simon, JohnJanuary 18, 182841214929
Simon, JohnDecember 16, 182948416325
Smith, BenjaminApril 4, 184198223675
Smith, DavidFebruary 2, 182736513921
Smith, DicksonDecember 16, 182937316324
Smith, DixsonSeptember 23, 1826713426
Smith, EdwinFebruary 1, 182752513903
Smith, EvanJune 3, 182521611254
Smith, MosesSeptember 23, 182610313423
Smith, Robert N & Taylor, Hugh O Gains, Bales E9923350
Smith, SamuelApril 3, 184189123671
Smith, ThomasJune 3, 182522811251
Smith, UmphreJuly 13, 183031016462
Smith, WilliamDecember 4, 1854225429244
Smith, WillieAugust 24, 182419
Smith, WillisJune 6, 182511811263
Sparkman, LewisFebruary 6, 18278613946
Sparkman, WilliamJuly 16, 183040216488
Sparkman, WmJune 3, 182521911252
Spencer, DanielMarch 1, 1855222429300
Spencer, Fibryseptember 23, 1826813424
Spoon, AbrahamSeptember 19, 18268513392
Stone, Robert66719821
Stroude, ChristopherAugust 24, 1824989125
Sullenbarger, AlbertSeptember 20, 1844198825204
Swingle, JosephMarch 29, 184149223663
Talbot, James S101625348
Tanner, John44619199
Tate, David69143
Tate, David197328421
Tate, Edward69418792
Tate, Edward183624627
Tate, Samuel B70019804
Tate, Samuel R224329407
Tate, Samuel R225229408
Taylor, Hugh68018824
Taylor, William69028205
Thompson, John19711236
Thompson, John31213881
Thompson, William33113892
Thompson, Wm57118788
Turley, Thomas739118
Turley, Thomas20911239
Turley, Thomas W226229720
Vinyard, Adam20711221
Vinyard, Andrew31613877
Vinyard, Andrew82321802
Vinyard, Daniel22311234
Vinyard, Daniel100927974
Vinyard, Daniel195627973
Vinyard, John58816471
Vinyard, John63811235
Vinyard, Mathias101024629
Vinyard, Nicholas31313909
Vop, Clemant4410429
Vop, Clement30014934
Walker, Benj18610435
Walker, Benj20110436
Walker, Benj28213940
Walker, Benjamin28213425
Walker, James G84529233
Walker, Joseph2511223
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Wallicoat [Mallicoat], Wm C184024632
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West, Thomas45-14928
West, Thomas85623679
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Weston, Plesant 68218828
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White, William15513419
Whitelock, James66719824
Whitesides, David220129235
Whitesides, Thomas8813379
Whitesides, Thomas12011286
Whitesides, Thomas25611200
Whitesides, Thomas82326334
Whitesides, Thomas200826330
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Williams, Henry186730258
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Williams, Wm M219128708
Willis, William14311220
Willis, William14411219
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Wilson, James Error89923688
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Woolridge, David65918849
Wyatt, Russell194729370
Yates, James98427972
Yates, John25913942
Yow, Octavus203426323
Zachary, John F53126318

 


Source:  Tennessee Genealogical Society, “Ansearchin'” News, various issues dated 1963-1964.

Agricultural Problems in Grainger County (1936)

By , June 23, 2011

The following text was transcribed by Lesa Cameron Boatin from the original report.


Written by Robert M. Glendinning and E. N. Torbret

GRAINGER COUNTY presents conditions found in a large part of the Upper Tennessee Basin.  It embraces physical features and types of rural land use characteristic of the area extending northeast-southwest, between the Cumberland Front and the Appalachian Mountains, from approximately the Virginia line to the vicinity of Chattanooga (Figure 1).  Rural maladjustments are shared in common but to varying extent by counties within this area.  In Grainger County, which is dependent upon a rural economy, the extent and severity of these maladjustments help make it one of the poorer counties of the area.

Setting and Conditions

In bird’s-eye view, Grainger County is seen to possess an east-west extent of some thirty miles and to be caught between the muddy waters of the Holston River on the south and the Clinch River on the north (Figure 4).  The backbone of the county is Clinch Mountain.  This pronounced ridge has the characteristic Appalachian trend and its steep, largely wooded slopes reach to elevations of more than 2,500 feet above sea-level and to more than 1,500 feet above some of the adjacent lower lands to the south and the north.  From points on its summit, a clear day permits a survey of many square miles of territory, even to the easterly mountains and the westerly plateau edge.

From the southern base of Clinch Mountain north to the waters of the Clinch River the land has the aspect of an irregularly corrugated surface.  The sub-parallel ridges are abrupt, sharp, and chiefly wooded, while the valleys between are narrow, flattish to undulating strips of cleared land (Figure 2).  An aerial view shows this section as parallel bands of dark (forested ridges) and light (cleared valleys).

South of Clinch Mountain the lay of the land is appreciably different.  Here the surface is strongly rolling and possesses no definite trends, rather, it is a slightly knobby surface with broad, irregularly shaped basins among the higher, rounded areas.  There is much wooded land, marking, in patches of many shapes, the steeper slopes of the rolling terrain and breaking the pattern of the cleared land (Figure 3).

The county is laced with many roads, but the vast majority are poor and at times impassable.  Only two of them can be classed as major highways.  These cross each other in the eastern portion of the county, one forming a link in the route that leads north toward Cumberland Gap, the other a segment of the highway leading from Knoxville to the Virginia border and beyond.  One single-track rail line cuts across the northwestern corner of the county but otherwise rail facilities are lacking (Figure 4).

Distribution of population, as indicated by the farmsteads, is in close accord with the surface conditions.  In the section of closely packed ridges and valleys the population, relatively sparse, strings out along the valleys, while in the rolling country the population, more abundant in keeping with the greater extent of flatter land, is sprinkled over the area without conspicuous lines or nodes.

Grainger County, as viewed from Clinch Mountain during the long summer season, appears as a land bountiful, a land of richly verdured ridges and hills, and, productive valleys and basins.  Closer inspection reveals the essential falsity of the first sweeping impression, for indices of agricultural difficulties appear on all sides.  Erosion-scarred fields mark most of farm holdings, cornfields on slopes as steep as the pitch of a gable portray maladjustments between surface configuration and land use, ramshackle dwellings on too-meager land parcels indicate a land seriously impoverished.  To be sure, there are exceptions to such conditions, but they serve only to accentuate the widespread occurrence of the sore spots.

Something is wrong in Grainger County and, judging from field examinations, in much of the larger area of which it is a sample.  An unpublished financial evaluation of Grainger County by Arthur Pollard, one including certain natural resource items as well as the conventional monetary factors, shows that the county has an annual deficit of $212,000 (1932) – one-third of its total income (cited by J. P. Ferris, Tennessee Valley Authority, at a meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 20, 1935).

There is, however, a brighter side.  The problems and the problem areas are being located and analyzed, and general procedures for their regeneration are being pointed to, even though definite plans for the utilization of basic resources are not widespread in the territory of which Grainger County is a part.  Such things take time and careful weighing to prevent “rush ideas” from merely supplanting old problems with new ones.

Grainger County is predominantly agricultural, an area of croplands, pasturelands, and woodlands.  There are no cities, factory centers, large commercial foci, nor mines.  The great majority of the population is tied directly to the land, the remainder indirectly but none-the-less certainly.  Under such conditions it is largely true that “as the land…so the people.”  The ability of the land to support becomes a very pertinent matter.

Preliminary investigations seemed to indicate that the reasons for the unsatisfactory condition of the county’s agricultural economy are based primarily on extensive abnormal erosion, with accompanying wide-spread soil and water loss, and on a lack of adjustment between land use and the slope of the land.  Therefore, these items were investigated by means of detailed and general mapping surveys.  Maps of detailed Cross-Section Survey of Upper Tennessee, and Rural Land Classification Survey of the Tennessee Basin; and other data are in the files of the Land Classification Section, Land Planning and Housing Division, Tennessee Valley Authority.

The matter of abnormal erosion proved to be relatively serious.  Approximately 60 per cent of the land units of the county are seriously eroding, and in the area south of Clinch Mountain, which area is proportionately more widely used for direct agricultural purposes, nearly seventy per cent of the agricultural land units are undergoing abnormal soil loss.  As was expected, the degree of abnormal erosion corresponds to the slope conditions.  Agricultural areas of 0 to 5 per cent grade are not suffering appreciable soil loss, but other such land units on steeper slopes are being severely damaged.  Units with grades of 20 to 40 per cent, to take but one example, are marked by abnormal erosion to the extent of about three-quarters of their area.

Fortunately, most of the serious erosion is sheet wash and finger gullying – types that, given time and money, can be fully controlled.  As in the case of erosion, the lack of complete adjustment between agricultural land uses and steepness of slope proved to be significant.  There are many areas where corn, for instance, is grown on slopes in excess of 40 per cent grade.  However, the field investigations in map survey form showed that, with the exception of the little utilized slopes of Clinch Mountain, the cropped lands now on too-steep slopes could be accommodated on slopes of more suitable gradient.

In general then, time and money and careful planning and utilization can rectify the erosion and slope maladjustment conditions that are now contributing to the decay of the agricultural economy and decreasing the capacity of the land to support its farming population.  But, granting that these problems are solved through the application of the known land management techniques, it is still reasonably doubtful that the rural economy of the county would be placed squarely and soundly on its feet.  This is brought out by an investigation of the county’s capacity to support a certain number of farms and farm families.

Farm Supporting Capacity

As here used, the term “farm supporting capacity” refers to the ability of the agricultural resources to provide an average livelihood for a certain number of families dependent entirely on the land.

There is, in this regard, a great need for the development of exact standards and criteria.  There exists no complete agreement as to how many acres of land of given categories are needed adequately to support a farm family under the type of economy that is practiced in Grainger County and adjacent areas.  In view of this situation, it has been necessary to adopt a pragmatic yardstick, meanwhile granting that future methods of measurement may alter the conclusions – alter them in degree rather than in kind.

As measurements of the resources needed to provide a farm family in Grainger County with at least an average opportunity, two standards have been adopted.  First, the farm unit should include 38.6 acres of cultivable land, and second, the total area of the farm should be at least 64 acres; thus allowing some 25 acres (about 40 per cent of the farm) chiefly for pasture and woodlot.  The cultivable land criterion is the more important and, hence, is used as the primary measurement.  East Tennessee representatives of the Rural Resettlement Administration estimate that about 40 acres of cultivable land are necessary per farm.

Census data for Grainger County and seven other representative counties, Claiborne, Cocke, Hamblen, Jefferson, Knox, Sevier, and Union, were used to obtain the standards.  In these eight closely grouped and essentially similar counties the average amount of cultivable land per farm is 38.6 acres and the average farm size is 64 acres.  It is fully recognized that the average incomes which could be obtained from farms of the above size and character would not be particularly high.  In the eight counties noted, the average gross income per farm is only about one-half that of the average gross income per farm in the United States.  Even so, in many parts of Grainger County the present status of farm families is below the average for the eight counties used as a yardstick.

Certain unavoidable assumptions have been made in the adoption of the standards.  First, there appear to be no impending changes in the farm economy so radical that, on the whole, a family will be able to make an average living from farms appreciably smaller than the present average.  In the eight counties noted the size of the average family ranges between four and five persons.  Second, it is assumed that a farm family with land that is average in amount and character possesses an average chance to maintain itself.  And lastly, the average amount of cultivable land, the productive heart of the farm, is taken as the best obtainable index to the amount and the nature of the basic agricultural resources.

Before applying the above standards, it was necessary to ascertain the acreage of cultivable land as well as the total farmland acreage available.  The former required the determination of all land now in crops, plus all land not now in crops but suited to crop production.  Lands on slopes in excess of 30 per cent grade were ruled out as not being suited to crops—not cultivable in a reasonable sense.  J. W. Moon, of the U. S. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, in his report of January 1935, “Descriptive Soil Legend of Jefferson County, Tennessee,” recognizes no soils as “crop soils” if they lie on slopes in excess of 30 per cent grade.  The essential similarity of conditions in Grainger and Jefferson Counties allows the use of the same slope criterion.

The results indicate that Grainger County has approximately 69,000 acres of cultivable land, which means 69,000 acres of land located on slopes of less than 30 per cent grade which are now in crops or are suited to crop production.  The data and the methods used in this estimation are to be found in detail in the report cited in the note at the close of this article.  They require too much space to be discussed here.

By dividing the cultivable land acreage by 38.6 and the total farmland acreage by 64 (omitting hamlets, villages, roads, etc.), the farm family supporting capacity of the county appears to be 1,661—each family to possess 38.6 acres of cultivable land and at least 25 acres of land suited to permanent pasture and woodlot.  The results, expressed cartographically by rural land classification survey units, appear in Figure 4 (numerator item).

To give the figure for farm supporting capacity any real significance it is necessary to compare it with the present farm family “load” in the county.  In that manner an estimate can be made which will indicate the extent of the agricultural resource problem.

Agricultural Over-Population

The term “agricultural over-population” signifies that there are more farm families on the land than the land can adequately support under the existing types of farm economy.  An approximation to the extent of agricultural over-population can be arrived at by comparing: (1) the number of farm families that the resources can be expected to support, as discussed above, and (2) the number of farm families now on the land—the present load.  When the second number exceeds the first, agricultural over-population may be said to exist, and the amount of excess shows the degree of seriousness of the problem.

The present number on the land has been ascertained as 2,934.  This figure was arrived at through study of recent planimetric maps and partly from an also recent land use survey.  A comparison of the two figures (1,661, apparent supporting capacity, and 2,934, present load) points to an excess of farm families to the amount of 1,273.  Figure 5 shows the distribution of these farm families according to land use survey units.

The number of excess farms, as representing the degree of over-population, is probably too high.  It does not take into account the income items received from pensions, insurance, money from relatives living elsewhere, etc.  However, the mathematically exact number is not of utmost significance; rather, it is the approximate number, taken as indicative of the general degree of agricultural over-population, that is important.  Granting that the number should be somewhat reduced, the situation still appears to be serious.  Even if the number were reduced to 1,000, a reduction probably more than sufficient to cover the relatively intangible items, the results show that the county is agriculturally over-populated to the extent of more than one-third.

Unless there is a great change in the present economy, an occurrence in no way indicated at present, the county must face a situation wherein at least a third of its farm families do not possess even an average chance to support themselves, let alone have the capital and the incentive to preserve and regenerate their land resources.

There appears to be a cycle, certainly a vicious one, operating in the area.  Improper land management resulting especially in losses of basic soil and water resources decreases the farm supporting capacity.  The decrease in supporting capacity means less opportunity for resource conservation and encourages (forces) improper land management.

Conclusion

The present study indicates that, whatever, and however numerous, other problems may be, the really fundamental problem in Grainger County is that of too many farm families in relation to the ability of the land to support them.  If this be true, then the basic “problem area” map of this predominantly agricultural area is one showing the distribution, by relatively small land units, of the amount and degree of agricultural over-population (Figure 5).

This belief, based on this study as well as intensive field examinations, is strengthened by other data. During April and May 1935, for example, there were approximately 600 families on relief in Grainger County.  Judging from a very detailed study of relief families in the adjacent and patently similar area of Jefferson County, it is probable that of the 600 families on relief in Grainger County at least 500 were farm families.  Attention needs to be called to the fact that the relief figures represent extreme want, destitution, whereas the figure for agricultural over-population, given above, represents poverty and sub-standard conditions, including extreme want.

In Jefferson County, the average size of a farm operated by a relief family was 22 acres, of which only 11 acres were in crops.  In marked contrast, the average size of all farms was more than three times as great and the average cropland acreage was more than double.  Evidently, in areas of this character, there is a pronounced correspondence between small farms, small crop acreages, and inability to operate successfully.  Larger farms, with more cultivated and cultivable land per family are needed—but only a certain number of such farms can be provided by the basic land resources.  An increase beyond that number, apparently what has happened in Grainger County, results in agricultural machinery that wears and breaks under its load.  The multifold consequences appear conspicuously in rural landscape.

NOTE:  This article is drawn from a report by the present authors, A Land Classification Approach to Land Use Problems:   Illustrated in Portions of the Upper Tennessee Basin.  On file in the Land Planning and Housing Division, Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, Tenn. (1936).

Record Transcriptions in the USGenWeb Archives

By , June 18, 2011

Note:  Cemeteries and Census transcriptions are in separate posts on this Web site.  Please use the "search" feature.

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Petition Regarding Deed from Joseph Beard to John Bullard, 1809

By , May 18, 2011

Original document in the Manuscripts collection of the Tennessee State Library & Archives.

Item #17-2-1809

Petition to the General Assembly of Tennessee regarding Deed for 340 Acres of land lying on the north side of Clinch River in Grainger County, Tennessee, sold by Joseph BEARD of Pulaski County, Kentucky, to John BULLARD of Grainger County, Tennessee, being Grant #517 obtained from the State of North Carolina on 5 May 1794 . . . Proven in open court Aug 1800, Amb[rose] YANCEY, Clk of Grainger County, and recorded by Felps READ, Regt. . .  Survey and plat by Watters EVANS 24 Sep 1808, showing an interference with a 640 Acres tract, Grant #127, to James BERRY. (6 pages)

TN Genealogical Society Articles

By , May 16, 2011

These articles are specific to Grainger County, and many can be viewed on-line at the TGS Web site.

Click here to search the articles for locations, surnames, or items of interest.

1799 petition to improve Holston River navigation, four other petitions, Vol. 39 (1992)

1799 tax list; 1800 petition; 1810-12 unpaid taxes, Vol. 28 (1981)

1801 petitions for new county, Justice of the Peace replacement, Vol. 40 (1993)

1803 petitions for new Justice of the Peace, return of surplus county funds, Vol. 42 (1995)

1805 tax list, Vol. 19 (1972)

1806-07 petitions, Vol. 32 (1985) and Vol. 33 (1986); 1809 petition, Vol. 34 (1987)

War of 1812 pensioners, Vol. 7 (1960)

1816 unpaid taxes, Vol. 43 (1996)

1824-60 grantees and locators, index, Vol. 10 (1963)

1833 Common School census, Vol. 46 (1999)

Civil War disabled fund, Vol. 47 (2000)

Mayor and Aldermen of Morristown vs. George A. Shelton

By , May 13, 2011

At Knoxville:  September Term, 1858

  1. Constitutional Law. Town charters granted by the County Court. Const., art. 11, §7. Acts of 1849, ch. 17, and 1856, ch. 254. The act of 1849, ch. 17, authorizing the County Courts, upon certain conditions, to create town corporations, is a valid and constitutional enactment.
  2. Cases Cited. The State vs. Armstrong, 3 Sneed, 634.

From Grainger

This was an agreed case, submitted to the Circuit Court of Grainger, to test the validity of the charter of the town of Morristown, which was incorporated under the provisions of the act of 1849, ch. 17. The question arose upon a motion on behalf of the plaintiff to have certain real estate of the defendant condemned and sold for corporation taxes. At the August Term, 1858, Judge Turley disallowed the motion. The plaintiff appealed in error.

Heiskell and McFarland, for the plaintiff.

Shields, for the defendant.

Caruthers, J., delivered the opinion of the Court.

This case seems mainly intended to test the validity of the incorporation of Morristown. There is an agreed case presenting the facts.

The question is made upon a motion to sell the land of defendant for the satisfaction of the tax assessed by the corporate authorities under the charter. The corporation was organized under the general act, for the incorporation of towns, of 1849, ch. 17. It is not controverted but that the proceedings in this case were in strict conformity to the provisions of that act, and the question is as to its constitutionality.

This statute establishes a general and complete system of municipal government for towns, cities, and villages, and provides, in the 9th section, the mode by which the inhabitants of any particular town may adopt and organize under it. They shall apply by petition, to the County Court setting forth their desire to avail themselves of its privileges, with a description by metes and bounds of the limits of their town, which shall be spread upon the minutes of the Court, and registered in the register’s office.

The objection taken is, that the power to grant charters of incorporation is vested alone in the Legislature, and cannot be delegated to the Courts, or any other authority. The clause in the Constitution on this subject, is the proviso to the 7th sec. of the 11th art., in these words: “the Legislature shall have power to grant such charters of incorporation as they may deem expedient for the public good.” This affirmative communication of this power to the Legislature operates as a negative upon its exercise by the Courts, or its delegation to any other authority.

But then the question arises, has it been delegated by this act? We think very clearly not. The doubt upon this subject has, as it seems, grown out of a misconception of the case of The State vs. Armstrong, 3 Sneed, 634. That case was correctly decided beyond all question. It was upon the act of 1856, ch. 254, by which the full and broad power to create corporations was given to the Circuit Courts, and was, therefore, held to be in violation of the Constitution.

Not so in this act. It gives the County Court no power on the subject but to record the petition for the benefit of a perfect and complete charter, and designates the boundaries to which it is to apply — that is, to prescribe the corporate limits of their town. It cannot add to or diminish the powers, privileges, and immunities granted, nor make the least change of any kind in the charter. The legislative will is fully declared in the act, and nothing is left to the Court but to locate and apply it to any community who may petition for it, and bring themselves within its provisions.

This is very different from the act of 1856, by which the extent and character of the powers given, and the particular objects of the corporation were to be fixed by the Court, or rather, in effect, the wishes and desires of the applicants in this respect ratified by the Court. That was [as palpably in conflict with the Constitution, as this is in conformity to it. There is no discordance between this decision and that; the cases are entirely different.

The object of the Legislature was to save the great waste of time and money consumed in the making and printing separate acts for the incorporation of the thousand towns and villages that might and would spring up in this growing and prosperous State; and we may suppose that the importance, so far as practicable, of producing uniformity in the municipal powers and privileges of the citizens and corporate authorities of all the towns had its influence upon them. This would certainly be desirable, and is a strong consideration in favor of the policy of the act.

This act is nothing different in principle, in reference to this objection, than what is called the “free banking law”; and the constitutionality of that act has not, that we are aware, ever been questioned. If one is not obnoxious to the objection, the other is not. That was a single complete charter of incorporation that might be adopted by a thousand companies, and constitute them bodies corporate and politic for the purpose of banking, upon a compliance with its provisions. This was to be done by application to certain State officers, and the performance of the specified conditions.

Then, we hold, that the mayor and aldermen of Morristown had a right to exercise all the powers and to enjoy the privileges conferred by the act of 1849, among which was the power claimed in this case.

We therefore reverse the judgment of the Circuit Court, and sustain the motion of the plaintiffs.

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Source:

Head, John W., comp. Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Tennessee During the Year 1858 [to 1859], Volume 1. Nashville: J. O. Griffith & Co., Printers (1860), pp. 24-27.

John Mayse vs. John and James Lafferty

By , May 13, 2011

At Knoxville

  1. Evidence. Plat annexed. Marked boundary will control. A plat annexed to a partition, or grant, is competent evidence to be looked to in ascertaining the true boundary of the land set apart: but the party is entitled to the lands actually appropriated, and if the land has been actually surveyed, with the lines marked different from the plat, the marked boundary will control.
  2. Boundary. Statue of Limitations. Act of 1819, §1. If, at the time of the execution of a deed, the lines are marked, and the boundary thus made varies from the lines of the previous conveyances under which the bargainor claims title; and the lines marked are known and recognized by the parties as the true boundary of the land, an adverse possession of such land for a period of seven years, claiming up to the new boundary thus made, will vest an estate in fee in the conveyee.

From Grainger

This cause was heard at the December term, 1856, before Lucky, Chancellor. Decree for the complainant. The defendants appealed.

Crozier, Shields, and Reese, for the complainant.
Heiskell and Barton, for the defendants.
Wright, J., delivered the opinion of the Court.

The decree of the Chancellor, in this cause, should be affirmed. We are satisfied from the proof that the verdict of the jury is correct, and that the true line between the parties was established by it. The decree, then, being sustained by the proof and the verdict of the jury, should stand, unless the Chancellor, in his charge to the jury, upon the issues submitted to them, committed some error. This, it is insisted by the defendants’ counsel, he did.

But, after a careful examination of the charge, we are unable to perceive any error in it of which the defendants can complain.

It is objected, that the Chancellor did not give force enough to the survey, or plat, made out by the surveyor and commissioners, who divided the lands of John Coulter in 1812, and under which Jane Yancy derived her share in her father’s estate.

The Court was asked to charge the jury, that the plat annexed to a grant, or partition, has the effect to control general or directory calls, and even locative calls, and is entitled to great weight in ascertaining a boundary, and particularly so, when it concurs, substantially, with course and distance.

In answer to this, the Court instructed the jury, that the plat was a circumstance to be taken into their consideration in ascertaining the true boundary of the land allotted to Mrs. Yancy; but it might be disregarded if the calls and other evidence in the case showed that the commissioners intended, and did include the whole of the 400 acre tract in their partition, going to the extreme boundary of that tract.

This is, in substance, the doctrine laid down by this Court in Tate v. Gray’s Lessee, 1 Swan, 73, and is not in conflict with Bell v. Hickman, 6 Hump., 398. The party is entitled to the lands actually appropriated; and if the land had been actually surveyed, and the lines marked different from the plat, the marked boundary would control it. In this case, the evidence was abundant, of an actual survey and appropriation at variance with the plat; and the instructions of the Court were right.

It is next objected that the charge of the Court, in answer to the 4th, 5th, and 6th propositions of defendants’ counsel, was erroneous. It may be well here to state, that the defendants had, in the year 1844, purchased of John M. Preston a tract of land adjoining that in dispute, and claimed that the deed taken by them covered the land in controversy, and that under it they had held seven years possession, and had title by the statute of limitations. This deed, however, and a regular chain of prior conveyances, showed that it did not embrace the land in dispute, but in fact called to adjoin the John Coulter 400 acres, and to corner on the three pines spoken of as a corner of his grant, and established by the jury as the true corner. But it appeared that the defendants, and those of whom they claimed, had held many years possession of two small pieces of the land, within the land in dispute, having them enclosed up to the disputed line; and that when Preston made the deed, one of defendants, upon a survey of the land, had, in some way, marked a line with his knife, so as to include all or a part of the disputed land. And the other proof in the case abundantly shows, that the possession of defendants was a naked one.

In this state of the case, the Court, after allowing the defendants to hold under the statute of limitations, to the extent of their actual enclosure, instructed the jury further, that if at the time Preston made his deed to the defendants, he went on the ground, designated and marked a line different from that called for in his deed, and the defendants held and claimed up to that new line, being different from the one designated in the conveyance and in the previous conveyances, and the same was held by the defendants for seven years, adversely, it would be such color of title, that, under the statute of limitations, they would be vested with the fee under the first section of the act of 1819; but that unless there was full and complete evidence that there was another line, known, marked, and recognized by Preston, at the time of his conveyance, different from the line called for as the line of the John Coulter 400 acre tract, defendants’ deed would be confined to and bounded by the line which the jury might believe was the true original line of the grant; that should they believe the original north line of the 400 acre tract was where the complainant contended, the defendants’ deed stopped at that point, unless a different one was marked and recognized by Preston at the date of his deed, in which event defendants’ deed would go to it. That a line to be marked must have the usual designations on the trees, or other distinct and visible indications, showing, with reasonable certainty to the enquirer, that it was a boundary line.

It is alleged that this charge, in their inquiry as to the boundary, confined the jury to the acts and declarations of the parties at the time Preston made his deed to the defendants, and excluded from their consideration all antecedent and subsequent acts — possession and the like — tending to show where this true line really was. But we think an examination of the whole charge will show that this is not so, and that the case was fairly submitted to the jury upon all its facts, and that certainly the defendants have no valid ground of complaint against the charge.

The merits of the case have been reached, and we affirm the decree.

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Source:

Head, John W., comp. Reports of Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Court of Tennessee During the Year 1858 [to 1859], Volume 1. Nashville: J. O. Griffith & Co., Printers (1860), pp. 60-64.

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