Category: Geography & Topography

1836 Map of Hawkins County Boundaries

By , January 7, 2015

For years, this site’s Webmistress has wished for a map of the Hawkins County Civil Districts in 1836, overlaid on a current map, for her own research.

She is immeasurably grateful for the incalculable efforts of Jim Jackson for his having created just such a map.

Jim not only created the map, he created a single, combined list of names from the 1830 Census, 1840 Census, and 1836 Tax List for Hawkins County.

This is an important resource for neighboring Claiborne, Hancock, and Grainger County researchers.

Click the map image below to visit Jim Jackson’s site and view his work.

Thank you, Jim!

1836 Districts

Click this reduced-size map image to visit Jim Jackson’s site and view a larger version.

Land-Related Features Identified in the GNIS

By , June 23, 2011

Geographic features that appear on topographic maps in the United States are listed in an online database maintained by the federal government’s United States Geological Survey and the U. S. Board on Geographic Names.

This entity is usually referred to as USGS. The database is called the Geographic Names Information System, or GNIS. Many genealogists use it frequently to find places, identify the county location, and determine the coordinates.

The following table contains all topographic features in the GNIS identified as airports, fire departments, towers, tunnels, mines, and parks within Grainger County. Places that no longer exist are identified with “(historical).”

The table also includes the latitude and longitude and name of the 7.5′ USGS topographical quadrangle map on which the place is shown.

Please note that this is not a comprehensive list of all land-related topographic features in the county. It is simply the government’s mapping system’s list. Click here to search GNIS for other topographical features or locations.

Bluffs

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Hopson Bluff 362105N 0833211W 1188 Dutch Valley
Kitts Point 361003N 0834340W 1998 Luttrell
Race Track Bluff 360820N 0833828W 1030 Luttrell

Flats

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Chestnut Flat 361458N 0833804W 1929 Luttrell

Gaps

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Notchy Gap 361959N 0832647W 2028 Avondale
Owl Hole Gap 361405N 0833514W 1184 Joppa
Powder Spring Gap 361428N 0833845W 1765 Luttrell
Thorn Hill Gap 362104N 0832353W 1952 Avondale

Ridges

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Clinch Mountain 362400N 0831500W 1978 Swan Island
Copper Ridge 363152N 0830039W 1991 Kyles Ford
Copper Ridge 362429N 0832028W 1873 Swan Island
Beech Ridge 361805N 0831618W 1237 Bean Station
Big Ridge 361957N 0831911W 1608 Bean Station
Collins Ridge 361733N 0831709W 1112 Bean Station
Davis Ridge 362142N 0831619W 1391 Bean Station
Hinds Ridge 361529N 0834828W 1585 Maynardville
Indian Ridge 361102N 0833717W 1430 Joppa
Johnson Ridge 361720N 0831614W 1234 Bean Station
Little Poor Valley Ridge 362123N 0831913W 1752 Bean Station
Little Ridge 361735N 0833904W 1489 Powder Springs
Log Mountain 361820N 0833840W 1795 Powder Springs
Lone Mountain 361811N 0834456W 1824 Powder Springs
McCarty Ridge 361529N 0832547W 1306 Avondale
Mine Ridge 361450N 0832753W 1506 Talbott
Poor Valley Knobs 361448N 0833701W 1263 Joppa
Poor Valley Ridge 361934N 0832541W 1722 Avondale
Richland Knobs 361604N 0833032W 1726 Dutch Valley
River Ridge 362424N 0832500W 1519 Howard Quarter
Skinfoot Ridge 361650N 0832504W 1404 Avondale
War Ridge 362637N 0831634W 1772 Swan Island
Wildcat Spur 361142N 0834232W 1719 Luttrell
Boyd Knob 361943N 0831814W 1588 Bean Station
Burkhart Knob 361153N 0833123W 1512 Joppa
Buzzard Knob 361604N 0833032W 1726 Dutch Valley
Combs Knob 361113N 0833027W 1404 Joppa
Diamond Peak 361829N 0833728W 1676 Dutch Valley
Donehew Head 361233N 0834154W 2110 Luttrell
Garvey Knob 361230N 0833138W 1529 Joppa
Noah Knob 361147N 0833202W 1512 Joppa
Pine Mountain 361652N 0833345W 1322 Dutch Valley
Rhetts View 361021N 0834225W 1640 Luttrell
Rich Hill 360903N 0833706W 1329 Joppa
Roach Knob 361315N 0833119W 1644 Joppa
Stony Point Knob 362214N 0831637W 1824 Bean Station

Trails

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Bunches Trace 361746N 0833229W 1647 Dutch Valley

Valleys

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Baker Hollow 361554N 0833903W 1260 Powder Springs
Bates Hollow 361611N 0833302W 968 Dutch Valley
Black Fox Hollow 361836N 0834121W 1063 Powder Springs
Black Fox Valley 361815N 0834228W 1129 Powder Springs
Blowing Spring Hollow 361801N 0833725W 1253 Dutch Valley
Bob Hollow 361526N 0833932W 1230 Powder Springs
Boyd Knob Hollow 361830N 0831754W 1073 Bean Station
Briar Hollow 362133N 0832010W 1093 Bean Station
Broken Valley 362132N 0832836W 1270 Avondale
Buck Hollow 361952N 0832133W 1073 Bean Station
Buffalo Hollow 361218N 0833320W 974 Joppa
Bullen Valley 362210N 0832816W 1033 Avondale
Bullen Valley 362106N 0833112W 1020 Dutch Valley
Christian Hollow 361551N 0832457W 1073 Avondale
Clinch Valley 361235N 0834442W 1076 Luttrell
Cracker Neck Valley 362102N 0833114W 1020 Dutch Valley
Dark Hollow 361708N 0833214W 991 Dutch Valley
Donehew Hollow 361308N 0834248W 1129 Luttrell
Dry Valley 362239N 0832647W 1024 Howard Quarter
Dungeon Hollow 361248N 0833856W 925 Luttrell
Dutch Valley 362129N 0833248W 1020 Dutch Valley
Guzzle Hollow 361913N 0834014W 1037 Powder Springs
Happy Hollow 361426N 0832555W 1073 Talbott
Hensley Hollow 362244N 0832528W 1224 Howard Quarter
Heyes Hollow 362105N 0833316W 1053 Dutch Valley
Hogskin Valley 361943N 0833842W 1020 Powder Springs
Indian Creek Valley 362231N 0832649W 1020 Howard Quarter
Jackson Hollow 362438N 0832136W 1158 Swan Island
Kettle Hollow 361622N 0832742W 1247 Avondale
Laurel Hollow 361150N 0834144W 971 Luttrell
Little Poor Valley 362126N 0832011W 1099 Bean Station
Little Potato Valley 361555N 0834123W 1319 Powder Springs
Livingston Hollow 361218N 0833305W 988 Joppa
Merritt Hollow 361533N 0833940W 1237 Powder Springs
Miller Hollow 362126N 0832011W 1099 Bean Station
Mooresburg Valley 361901N 0831641W 1073 Bean Station
Munsey Hollow 361727N 0833938W 1289 Powder Springs
Narrow Valley 361548N 0832505W 1073 Avondale
Newman Hollow 361809N 0831927W 1073 Bean Station
Owl Hollow 362219N 0832711W 1027 Avondale
Owl Pen Hollow 361847N 0834114W 1040 Powder Springs
Perrin Hollow 360845N 0833808W 883 Luttrell
Poor Valley 361043N 0834110W 932 Luttrell
Potato Valley 361320N 0834625W 1181 Graveston
Promised Land Hollow 361106N 0833931W 1017 Luttrell
Richland Valley 361010N 0834128W 919 Luttrell
Shackle Hollow 361048N 0833205W 925 Joppa
Shields Cove 361104N 0834146W 919 Luttrell
Silo Hollow 361444N 0834049W 1191 Luttrell
Smith Hollow 361102N 0833930W 1027 Luttrell
Spencer Hollow 360942N 0833954W 909 Luttrell
Spoon Hollow 361414N 0832925W 1247 Talbott
Sugar Hollow 361907N 0831923W 1227 Bean Station
Sulphur Springs Hollow 361850N 0832400W 1073 Avondale
Tate Hollow 361245N 0833234W 1033 Joppa
Wallop Hollow 362045N 0833647W 1020 Dutch Valley
Wildcat Hollow 361812N 0831944W 1073 Bean Station

Woods

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Chestnut Grove 361906N 0831908W 1280 Bean Station

Miscellaneous Features Identified in the GNIS

By , June 23, 2011

Geographic features that appear on topographic maps in the United States are listed in an online database maintained by the federal government’s United States Geological Survey and the U. S. Board on Geographic Names.

This entity is usually referred to as USGS. The database is called the Geographic Names Information System, or GNIS. Many genealogists use it frequently to find places, identify the county location, and determine the coordinates.

The following table contains all topographic features in the GNIS identified as airports, fire departments, towers, tunnels, mines, and parks within Grainger County. Places that no longer exist are identified with “(historical).”

The table also includes the latitude and longitude and name of the 7.5′ USGS topographical quadrangle map on which the place is shown.

Please note that this is not a comprehensive list of all miscellaneous topographic features in the county. It is simply the government’s mapping system’s list. Click here to search GNIS for other topographical features or locations.

Airports

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Landing at River’s Edge Airport 360841N 0833614W 981 Joppa

Fire Departments

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Bean Station Volunteer Fire Department 362033N 0831700W 1145 Bean Station
Blaine Volunteer Fire Department 360806N 0834300W 1037 Luttrell
Grainger County Rescue Squad 361645N 0833118W 997 Dutch Valley
Rutledge Volunteer Fire Department 361631N 0833047W 1083 Dutch Valley
Thorn Hill Volunteer Fire Department 362201N 0832404W 1424 Avondale
Washburn Volunteer Fire Department 361726N 0833542W 1434 Dutch Valley

Lookout Towers

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Avondale Lookout Tower 361936N 0832832W 2480 Avondale

Tunnels

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Oakman Tunnel 362146N 0833300W 1106 Dutch Valley

Mines

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Mitchell Quarry 361424N 0833557W 991 Joppa

Parks

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Buffalo Springs Game Farm 361231N 0833351W 1165 Joppa
Buffalo Springs State Game Farm 361225N 0833345W 1145 Joppa
Grainger County Park 362035N 0831951W 1099 Bean Station
Grainger County Park 361250N 0832812W 1089 Talbott
Harrell Park 361812N 0831953W 1096 Bean Station
Rutledge Recreational Park 361636N 0833030W 1096 Dutch Valley

Agricultural Problems in Grainger County (1936)

By , June 23, 2011

The following text was transcribed by Lesa Cameron Boatin from the original report.


Written by Robert M. Glendinning and E. N. Torbret

GRAINGER COUNTY presents conditions found in a large part of the Upper Tennessee Basin.  It embraces physical features and types of rural land use characteristic of the area extending northeast-southwest, between the Cumberland Front and the Appalachian Mountains, from approximately the Virginia line to the vicinity of Chattanooga (Figure 1).  Rural maladjustments are shared in common but to varying extent by counties within this area.  In Grainger County, which is dependent upon a rural economy, the extent and severity of these maladjustments help make it one of the poorer counties of the area.

Setting and Conditions

In bird’s-eye view, Grainger County is seen to possess an east-west extent of some thirty miles and to be caught between the muddy waters of the Holston River on the south and the Clinch River on the north (Figure 4).  The backbone of the county is Clinch Mountain.  This pronounced ridge has the characteristic Appalachian trend and its steep, largely wooded slopes reach to elevations of more than 2,500 feet above sea-level and to more than 1,500 feet above some of the adjacent lower lands to the south and the north.  From points on its summit, a clear day permits a survey of many square miles of territory, even to the easterly mountains and the westerly plateau edge.

From the southern base of Clinch Mountain north to the waters of the Clinch River the land has the aspect of an irregularly corrugated surface.  The sub-parallel ridges are abrupt, sharp, and chiefly wooded, while the valleys between are narrow, flattish to undulating strips of cleared land (Figure 2).  An aerial view shows this section as parallel bands of dark (forested ridges) and light (cleared valleys).

South of Clinch Mountain the lay of the land is appreciably different.  Here the surface is strongly rolling and possesses no definite trends, rather, it is a slightly knobby surface with broad, irregularly shaped basins among the higher, rounded areas.  There is much wooded land, marking, in patches of many shapes, the steeper slopes of the rolling terrain and breaking the pattern of the cleared land (Figure 3).

The county is laced with many roads, but the vast majority are poor and at times impassable.  Only two of them can be classed as major highways.  These cross each other in the eastern portion of the county, one forming a link in the route that leads north toward Cumberland Gap, the other a segment of the highway leading from Knoxville to the Virginia border and beyond.  One single-track rail line cuts across the northwestern corner of the county but otherwise rail facilities are lacking (Figure 4).

Distribution of population, as indicated by the farmsteads, is in close accord with the surface conditions.  In the section of closely packed ridges and valleys the population, relatively sparse, strings out along the valleys, while in the rolling country the population, more abundant in keeping with the greater extent of flatter land, is sprinkled over the area without conspicuous lines or nodes.

Grainger County, as viewed from Clinch Mountain during the long summer season, appears as a land bountiful, a land of richly verdured ridges and hills, and, productive valleys and basins.  Closer inspection reveals the essential falsity of the first sweeping impression, for indices of agricultural difficulties appear on all sides.  Erosion-scarred fields mark most of farm holdings, cornfields on slopes as steep as the pitch of a gable portray maladjustments between surface configuration and land use, ramshackle dwellings on too-meager land parcels indicate a land seriously impoverished.  To be sure, there are exceptions to such conditions, but they serve only to accentuate the widespread occurrence of the sore spots.

Something is wrong in Grainger County and, judging from field examinations, in much of the larger area of which it is a sample.  An unpublished financial evaluation of Grainger County by Arthur Pollard, one including certain natural resource items as well as the conventional monetary factors, shows that the county has an annual deficit of $212,000 (1932) – one-third of its total income (cited by J. P. Ferris, Tennessee Valley Authority, at a meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Cincinnati, Ohio, June 20, 1935).

There is, however, a brighter side.  The problems and the problem areas are being located and analyzed, and general procedures for their regeneration are being pointed to, even though definite plans for the utilization of basic resources are not widespread in the territory of which Grainger County is a part.  Such things take time and careful weighing to prevent “rush ideas” from merely supplanting old problems with new ones.

Grainger County is predominantly agricultural, an area of croplands, pasturelands, and woodlands.  There are no cities, factory centers, large commercial foci, nor mines.  The great majority of the population is tied directly to the land, the remainder indirectly but none-the-less certainly.  Under such conditions it is largely true that “as the land…so the people.”  The ability of the land to support becomes a very pertinent matter.

Preliminary investigations seemed to indicate that the reasons for the unsatisfactory condition of the county’s agricultural economy are based primarily on extensive abnormal erosion, with accompanying wide-spread soil and water loss, and on a lack of adjustment between land use and the slope of the land.  Therefore, these items were investigated by means of detailed and general mapping surveys.  Maps of detailed Cross-Section Survey of Upper Tennessee, and Rural Land Classification Survey of the Tennessee Basin; and other data are in the files of the Land Classification Section, Land Planning and Housing Division, Tennessee Valley Authority.

The matter of abnormal erosion proved to be relatively serious.  Approximately 60 per cent of the land units of the county are seriously eroding, and in the area south of Clinch Mountain, which area is proportionately more widely used for direct agricultural purposes, nearly seventy per cent of the agricultural land units are undergoing abnormal soil loss.  As was expected, the degree of abnormal erosion corresponds to the slope conditions.  Agricultural areas of 0 to 5 per cent grade are not suffering appreciable soil loss, but other such land units on steeper slopes are being severely damaged.  Units with grades of 20 to 40 per cent, to take but one example, are marked by abnormal erosion to the extent of about three-quarters of their area.

Fortunately, most of the serious erosion is sheet wash and finger gullying – types that, given time and money, can be fully controlled.  As in the case of erosion, the lack of complete adjustment between agricultural land uses and steepness of slope proved to be significant.  There are many areas where corn, for instance, is grown on slopes in excess of 40 per cent grade.  However, the field investigations in map survey form showed that, with the exception of the little utilized slopes of Clinch Mountain, the cropped lands now on too-steep slopes could be accommodated on slopes of more suitable gradient.

In general then, time and money and careful planning and utilization can rectify the erosion and slope maladjustment conditions that are now contributing to the decay of the agricultural economy and decreasing the capacity of the land to support its farming population.  But, granting that these problems are solved through the application of the known land management techniques, it is still reasonably doubtful that the rural economy of the county would be placed squarely and soundly on its feet.  This is brought out by an investigation of the county’s capacity to support a certain number of farms and farm families.

Farm Supporting Capacity

As here used, the term “farm supporting capacity” refers to the ability of the agricultural resources to provide an average livelihood for a certain number of families dependent entirely on the land.

There is, in this regard, a great need for the development of exact standards and criteria.  There exists no complete agreement as to how many acres of land of given categories are needed adequately to support a farm family under the type of economy that is practiced in Grainger County and adjacent areas.  In view of this situation, it has been necessary to adopt a pragmatic yardstick, meanwhile granting that future methods of measurement may alter the conclusions – alter them in degree rather than in kind.

As measurements of the resources needed to provide a farm family in Grainger County with at least an average opportunity, two standards have been adopted.  First, the farm unit should include 38.6 acres of cultivable land, and second, the total area of the farm should be at least 64 acres; thus allowing some 25 acres (about 40 per cent of the farm) chiefly for pasture and woodlot.  The cultivable land criterion is the more important and, hence, is used as the primary measurement.  East Tennessee representatives of the Rural Resettlement Administration estimate that about 40 acres of cultivable land are necessary per farm.

Census data for Grainger County and seven other representative counties, Claiborne, Cocke, Hamblen, Jefferson, Knox, Sevier, and Union, were used to obtain the standards.  In these eight closely grouped and essentially similar counties the average amount of cultivable land per farm is 38.6 acres and the average farm size is 64 acres.  It is fully recognized that the average incomes which could be obtained from farms of the above size and character would not be particularly high.  In the eight counties noted, the average gross income per farm is only about one-half that of the average gross income per farm in the United States.  Even so, in many parts of Grainger County the present status of farm families is below the average for the eight counties used as a yardstick.

Certain unavoidable assumptions have been made in the adoption of the standards.  First, there appear to be no impending changes in the farm economy so radical that, on the whole, a family will be able to make an average living from farms appreciably smaller than the present average.  In the eight counties noted the size of the average family ranges between four and five persons.  Second, it is assumed that a farm family with land that is average in amount and character possesses an average chance to maintain itself.  And lastly, the average amount of cultivable land, the productive heart of the farm, is taken as the best obtainable index to the amount and the nature of the basic agricultural resources.

Before applying the above standards, it was necessary to ascertain the acreage of cultivable land as well as the total farmland acreage available.  The former required the determination of all land now in crops, plus all land not now in crops but suited to crop production.  Lands on slopes in excess of 30 per cent grade were ruled out as not being suited to crops—not cultivable in a reasonable sense.  J. W. Moon, of the U. S. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils, in his report of January 1935, “Descriptive Soil Legend of Jefferson County, Tennessee,” recognizes no soils as “crop soils” if they lie on slopes in excess of 30 per cent grade.  The essential similarity of conditions in Grainger and Jefferson Counties allows the use of the same slope criterion.

The results indicate that Grainger County has approximately 69,000 acres of cultivable land, which means 69,000 acres of land located on slopes of less than 30 per cent grade which are now in crops or are suited to crop production.  The data and the methods used in this estimation are to be found in detail in the report cited in the note at the close of this article.  They require too much space to be discussed here.

By dividing the cultivable land acreage by 38.6 and the total farmland acreage by 64 (omitting hamlets, villages, roads, etc.), the farm family supporting capacity of the county appears to be 1,661—each family to possess 38.6 acres of cultivable land and at least 25 acres of land suited to permanent pasture and woodlot.  The results, expressed cartographically by rural land classification survey units, appear in Figure 4 (numerator item).

To give the figure for farm supporting capacity any real significance it is necessary to compare it with the present farm family “load” in the county.  In that manner an estimate can be made which will indicate the extent of the agricultural resource problem.

Agricultural Over-Population

The term “agricultural over-population” signifies that there are more farm families on the land than the land can adequately support under the existing types of farm economy.  An approximation to the extent of agricultural over-population can be arrived at by comparing: (1) the number of farm families that the resources can be expected to support, as discussed above, and (2) the number of farm families now on the land—the present load.  When the second number exceeds the first, agricultural over-population may be said to exist, and the amount of excess shows the degree of seriousness of the problem.

The present number on the land has been ascertained as 2,934.  This figure was arrived at through study of recent planimetric maps and partly from an also recent land use survey.  A comparison of the two figures (1,661, apparent supporting capacity, and 2,934, present load) points to an excess of farm families to the amount of 1,273.  Figure 5 shows the distribution of these farm families according to land use survey units.

The number of excess farms, as representing the degree of over-population, is probably too high.  It does not take into account the income items received from pensions, insurance, money from relatives living elsewhere, etc.  However, the mathematically exact number is not of utmost significance; rather, it is the approximate number, taken as indicative of the general degree of agricultural over-population, that is important.  Granting that the number should be somewhat reduced, the situation still appears to be serious.  Even if the number were reduced to 1,000, a reduction probably more than sufficient to cover the relatively intangible items, the results show that the county is agriculturally over-populated to the extent of more than one-third.

Unless there is a great change in the present economy, an occurrence in no way indicated at present, the county must face a situation wherein at least a third of its farm families do not possess even an average chance to support themselves, let alone have the capital and the incentive to preserve and regenerate their land resources.

There appears to be a cycle, certainly a vicious one, operating in the area.  Improper land management resulting especially in losses of basic soil and water resources decreases the farm supporting capacity.  The decrease in supporting capacity means less opportunity for resource conservation and encourages (forces) improper land management.

Conclusion

The present study indicates that, whatever, and however numerous, other problems may be, the really fundamental problem in Grainger County is that of too many farm families in relation to the ability of the land to support them.  If this be true, then the basic “problem area” map of this predominantly agricultural area is one showing the distribution, by relatively small land units, of the amount and degree of agricultural over-population (Figure 5).

This belief, based on this study as well as intensive field examinations, is strengthened by other data. During April and May 1935, for example, there were approximately 600 families on relief in Grainger County.  Judging from a very detailed study of relief families in the adjacent and patently similar area of Jefferson County, it is probable that of the 600 families on relief in Grainger County at least 500 were farm families.  Attention needs to be called to the fact that the relief figures represent extreme want, destitution, whereas the figure for agricultural over-population, given above, represents poverty and sub-standard conditions, including extreme want.

In Jefferson County, the average size of a farm operated by a relief family was 22 acres, of which only 11 acres were in crops.  In marked contrast, the average size of all farms was more than three times as great and the average cropland acreage was more than double.  Evidently, in areas of this character, there is a pronounced correspondence between small farms, small crop acreages, and inability to operate successfully.  Larger farms, with more cultivated and cultivable land per family are needed—but only a certain number of such farms can be provided by the basic land resources.  An increase beyond that number, apparently what has happened in Grainger County, results in agricultural machinery that wears and breaks under its load.  The multifold consequences appear conspicuously in rural landscape.

NOTE:  This article is drawn from a report by the present authors, A Land Classification Approach to Land Use Problems:   Illustrated in Portions of the Upper Tennessee Basin.  On file in the Land Planning and Housing Division, Tennessee Valley Authority, Knoxville, Tenn. (1936).

Water-Related Features Identified in the GNIS

By , June 22, 2011

Geographic features that appear on topographic maps in the United States are listed in an online database maintained by the federal government’s United States Geological Survey and the U. S. Board on Geographic Names.

This entity is usually referred to as USGS. The database is called the Geographic Names Information System, or GNIS. Many genealogists use it frequently to find places, identify the county location, and determine the coordinates.

The following table contains all topographic features in the GNIS identified as being within Grainger County and related to waterways. Places that no longer exist are identified with “(historical).”

The table also includes the latitude and longitude and name of the 7.5′ USGS topographical quadrangle map on which the place is shown.

Please note that this is not a comprehensive list of all water-related topographic features in the county. It is simply the government’s mapping system’s list. Click here to search GNIS for other topographical features or locations.

Bar / Shoals

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Big Slip 362142N 0832950W 1020 Avondale
Buffalo Shoals 361058N 0833333W 906 Joppa
Combs Shoals 361016N 0833030W 925 Joppa
Coulters Shoals 361642N 0831845W 1073 Bean Station
German Shoals 361747N 0831941W 1073 Bean Station
Harris Shoals 361557N 0831732W 1073 Bean Station
Hunters Shoals 362044N 0833649W 1040 Dutch Valley
Jarnagins Shoals 360643N 0833803W 866 Mascot
Lost Creek Shoals 360906N 0833607W 879 Joppa
Marshalls Shoals 361720N 0831526W 1073 Bean Station
Marshalls Shoals 361557N 0831642W 1073 Bean Station
Mays Ford Shoals 361442N 0832448W 1073 Talbott
Mossy Creek Shoals 360958N 0832936W 1073 Talbott
Nances Shoals 360810N 0833822W 869 Luttrell
Panthers Shoals 361154N 0832657W 1073 Talbott
Sheltons Shoals 361700N 0832003W 1073 Bean Station
Six Shoals 360635N 0834018W 853 Mascot
Smoky Shoals 360958N 0833355W 899 Joppa
Straight Shoals 362121N 0833234W 1020 Dutch Valley

Bridges

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Ellis Bridge (historical) 361518N 0833442W 935 Dutch Valley
Evans Ferry Bridge 362403N 0832734W 1020 Howard Quarter
John K Shields Bridge 361007N 0833016W 928 Joppa
Turley Bridge (historical) 361512N 0832348W 1073 Avondale
Walker Bridge 361437N 0833618W 935 Joppa
William P Harrell Bridge 361821N 0832048W 1073 Bean Station

River Bends

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Byerley Bend 360501N 0834005W 876 Mascot
Condry Bend 362225N 0832907W 1125 Avondale
Mitchell Bend 360600N 0833847W 896 Mascot
Mule Shoe Bend 360804N 0833644W 919 Joppa
Vineyard Bend 360942N 0833507W 965 Joppa

River Fords & Ferries

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Arnwine Ford (historical) 362205N 0833536W 1020 Dutch Valley
Austin Ferry (historical) 361315N 0832623W 1073 Talbott
Black Fox Ford (historical) 361956N 0833940W 1020 Powder Springs
Cades Ferry (historical) 362427N 0832547W 1027 Howard Quarter
Collins Ford (historical) 361204N 0832703W 1073 Talbott
Collons Ferry (historical) 361205N 0832703W 1073 Talbott
Dyers Ferry (historical) 361004N 0833008W 935 Joppa
Eadie Ford (historical) 362134N 0833244W 1020 Dutch Valley
Evans Ferry (historical) 362403N 0832734W 1020 Howard Quarter
Indian Cave Ferry (historical) 360933N 0833600W 886 Joppa
Long Ferry (historical) 361644N 0831557W 1073 Bean Station
Marshalls Ferry (historical) 361747N 0831935W 1073 Bean Station
Marshalls Ford (historical) 361617N 0831644W 1073 Bean Station
McBee Ford 360614N 0833745W 866 Mascot
Mitchell Ford 360941N 0833951W 935 Luttrell
Nance Ferry 360741N 0833818W 869 Luttrell
Oars Ferry (historical) 360946N 0833143W 909 Joppa
Sheltons Ford (historical) 362141N 0833157W 1020 Dutch Valley
Sheltons Ford (historical) 362140N 0833157W 1020 Dutch Valley
Sheltons Ford (historical) 361703N 0832000W 1073 Bean Station
Smith Ferry (historical) 361045N 0833210W 909 Joppa
Sycamore Ford (historical) 361235N 0832556W 1073 Talbott
Trogdons Ford 361013N 0833344W 899 Joppa
Turley Ferry (historical) 361512N 0832348W 1073 Avondale

Dams

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Cherokee Dam 360958N 0832955W 1083 Talbott
Corbin Dam 361536N 0833534W 945 Dutch Valley
Highland Springs Cove Dam 361324N 0833836W 991 Luttrell
Lea Lake Dam 361119N 0834143W 1010 Luttrell
Morgan Lake Dam 361536N 0833436W 994 Dutch Valley
Wayland Lake Dam 361106N 0854224W 1004 Baxter
Wolfe Dam 361842N 0832924W 1152 Avondale

Islands

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Byerley Island 360646N 0834029W 869 Mascot
Calf Island 360624N 0833739W 892 Mascot
Gilmore Island 361057N 0833326W 935 Joppa
Julian Nance Island 361026N 0833347W 902 Joppa
McBee Island 360625N 0833755W 902 Mascot
Nances Island 360800N 0833828W 892 Luttrell
Payne Island (historical) 361657N 0831855W 1073 Bean Station
Smoky Island 360958N 0833421W 896 Joppa
Snaggy Island 360726N 0833939W 879 Mascot
Sycamore Island (historical) 362154N 0833141W 1020 Dutch Valley
Sycamore Island (historical) 361640N 0831853W 1073 Bean Station
Tarr Island (historical) 361040N 0832803W 1073 Talbott
Turley Island (historical) 361557N 0832250W 1073 Avondale

Lakes & Ponds

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Cave Pond 361413N 0832920W 1207 Talbott
Corbin Lake 361536N 0833534W 945 Dutch Valley
Corbin Lake (historical) 361542N 0833538W 948 Dutch Valley
Highland Springs Cove Lake 361324N 0833836W 991 Luttrell
Lea Lake 361119N 0834143W 1010 Luttrell
Long Pond (historical) 361025N 0832918W 1073 Talbott
Morgan Lake 361536N 0833436W 994 Dutch Valley
Norris Lake 361327N 0840529W 856 Norris
Paskell Pond (historical) 361237N 0833624W 1214 Joppa
Wayland Lake 361106N 0854224W 1004 Baxter
Wolfe Lake 361842N 0832924W 1152 Avondale

Rapids

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Little Jump Rapids 360815N 0833642W 876 Joppa

Springs

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Annex Spring 362131N 0832047W 1138 Bean Station
Black Sulfur Spring 361840N 0832747W 1112 Avondale
Blackwell Spring 361323N 0832654W 1073 Talbott
Blue Spring 361557N 0833244W 968 Dutch Valley
Buffalo Spring 361248N 0833349W 1020 Joppa
Free Stone Spring 361840N 0832744W 1135 Avondale
Heath Spring 361712N 0832143W 1073 Bean Station
Heatherly Spring 360851N 0833810W 909 Luttrell
Indian Cave Spring 360940N 0833602W 1001 Joppa
Iron Water Spring 361840N 0832746W 1109 Avondale
Lithia Spring 361842N 0832747W 1106 Avondale
May Spring 361239N 0832753W 1073 Talbott
Mitchell Spring 361317N 0833015W 1296 Joppa
Nuckles Spring 362107N 0832315W 1788 Avondale
Phillips Spring 361354N 0832910W 1234 Talbott
Red Sulfur Spring 361843N 0832748W 1106 Avondale
Rocky Spring 362030N 0831732W 1076 Bean Station
Russel Spout Spring 361638N 0832708W 1414 Avondale
Sulphur Spring 361425N 0833714W 945 Joppa
Sulphur Spring 361043N 0834117W 909 Luttrell
Sycamore Spring 361408N 0833413W 1214 Joppa
Turley Spring 361450N 0832508W 1073 Talbott
White Sulfur Spring 361839N 0832743W 1106 Avondale

Streams

Name Latitude Longitude Elevation Quadrangle Map
Annex Creek 362131N 0832012W 1089 Bean Station
Bethel Branch 361218N 0833319W 974 Joppa
Blackwell Branch 361315N 0832650W 1073 Talbott
Briar Fork 362023N 0832000W 1073 Bean Station
Buffalo Creek 361131N 0833348W 906 Joppa
Buffalo Hide Creek 361504N 0833522W 938 Dutch Valley
Bullrun Creek 355947N 0840915W 797 Lovell
Cedar Springs Creek 362400N 0832331W 1063 Howard Quarter
Clinch River 355148N 0843155W 741 Bacon Gap
Cool Branch 362045N 0833647W 1020 Dutch Valley
Cracker Creek 362126N 0833151W 1020 Dutch Valley
Dotson Creek 362010N 0833006W 1214 Dutch Valley
Dutch Valley Creek 362129N 0833248W 1020 Dutch Valley
Edderson Branch 361939N 0833107W 1306 Dutch Valley
Flat Creek 360323N 0834440W 823 Mascot
Forked Deer Creek 362234N 0832633W 1020 Howard Quarter
Fox Creek 361954N 0833944W 1020 Powder Springs
Frost Branch 360958N 0834103W 909 Luttrell
Gap Branch 361924N 0832207W 1073 Bean Station
German Creek 361747N 0831942W 1073 Bean Station
Higgs Branch 361440N 0833606W 935 Joppa
Highland Springs Branch 361328N 0833800W 919 Luttrell
Hogskin Creek 361943N 0833842W 1020 Powder Springs
Holston River 355733N 0835101W 814 Shooks Gap
Honey Creek 361601N 0832325W 1073 Avondale
Indian Creek 362231N 0832650W 1020 Howard Quarter
Joe Mill Creek 362332N 0832434W 1050 Howard Quarter
Lambdin Branch 361410N 0832514W 1073 Talbott
Lea Creek 361019N 0834058W 902 Luttrell
Leas Creek 361006N 0834113W 896 Luttrell
Lick Branch 360947N 0834010W 919 Luttrell
Little Creek 361219N 0834429W 1053 Luttrell
Machine Branch 362335N 0832427W 1053 Howard Quarter
May Spring Branch 361227N 0832707W 1073 Talbott
McCarty Branch 361422N 0832532W 1073 Talbott
Meadow Branch 362039N 0831808W 1076 Bean Station
Mill Spring Branch (historical) 361658N 0832122W 1073 Bean Station
Miller Branch 362130N 0832012W 1086 Bean Station
Notchy Creek 362201N 0832801W 1030 Avondale
Nuckles Branch 362040N 0832257W 1099 Avondale
Puncheon Camp Creek 362010N 0833006W 1214 Dutch Valley
Ray Creek 361857N 0832130W 1073 Bean Station
Richland Creek 360736N 0834001W 869 Luttrell
Rocky Branch 361726N 0832906W 1040 Avondale
Rucker Branch 362237N 0832408W 1283 Howard Quarter
Shields Creek 361855N 0832358W 1073 Avondale
Smith Branch 361058N 0834036W 909 Luttrell
Smith Hollow Branch 361103N 0833936W 997 Luttrell
Spout Spring Branch 360937N 0833958W 889 Luttrell
West Branch 361045N 0833209W 909 Joppa
Wildcat Branch 361832N 0831937W 1079 Bean Station
Williams Creek 361956N 0833852W 1020 Powder Springs

1795 Map of Grainger County Area

By , June 15, 2011

1795 map of Grainger area

This map shows the area surrounding where Grainger County formed in 1796.

Source: Matthew Carey’s Map of Tennessee, dated 1795.

Adjacent County Boundaries, 1792

By , June 2, 2011

In 1972, the East Tennessee Historical Society published a history of Knox County, entitled French Broad-Holston Country. The map below is from that volume.

Boundaries Map

A larger, PDF version of the map that appeared in a printed volume (bibliographic data was not retained) can be viewed by clicking here.

No copyright infringement is intended by making this map available on this site for the benefit of researchers.

Grainger County on Wikipedia

By , May 19, 2011

Click here to view Grainger County’s entry on Wikipedia.

Petitions Regarding the Turnpike Road to Kentucky, 1806

By , May 18, 2011

The following two petitions were published by the Tennessee Genealogical Society in its journals as noted below. The transcription you see here was compared to the TGS publication, but it was not compared to the original petition documents. If you can provide corrections or additions to this document, please contact the Webmistress.


This record is torn apart in several places and a few names on the fold of the paper have been lost. Occasionally several signatures are written in the same hand, but no X marks are given. Some names are very faded, some are blotted with ink, and some have been crossed out or removed by erasure. Spellings vary, and i and t are sometimes not dotted or crossed; and like many modern signatures, some are simply illegible. In most cases we have not tried to second-guess, but have copied here the most literal transcription possible for us. BFW

To the Honorable General Assembly of the State of Tennessee:

We the undersigned Citizens of Grainger and Claiborne counties humbly represent that the Turnpike road leading to Kentucky crossing Clinch Mountain at the three stone gap can be much amended by turning to the left at,or near the house of Dawson Cheek on the north side of said Mountain . . . coming . . . present (?) Road at the town of Tazwell [sic], the ground over which the road would pass is much leveller, an excellent and safe ford in Clinch River, clear of rocks, & only one-half mile the furthest, by total measurement.

(Your petitioners further?) represent that the present Road is very broken full of large rocks, a bad narrow ford in said river which compells most of the travellors to ferry the River when it can be forded at the other crossing with perfect safety, the hills are so steep and full of Rocks that it is almost impossible to make a road in many places sufficiently wide for waggons to pass each other should they meet in those narrow places, which are in pl(aces?) at least one (quarter of a mile . . . ?) . . . your honorable body to pass an act authorising the commissioners of said road or a majority of them to view the two roads & direct the road the best way for the public – And your petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray . . .

Mank Posten Junr George Henderson Ja(?) Maicen (?) [Mason?] William Whitehead
Jacob Cooney Aberhan Haley Wm Bingham Monk Posten Sen
John Allison John Lunpten (?) Wm. (?) Rogers Andrew Mannen
James Conn Wilborn Megee Nathl Austin John Baker
John Hender… Enos Hobbs John Austin Henry Sunpter Sen
Abel Lanham William (torn) Joseph Colper Henrey Sumpten Jun
Benjamin (illegible) Peter Smith John Davis (?) William Sunpten Senr
Anthony Street John Brancecomb William Graham Wm. Mullens
John Coulter Thomas Brancecomb Jos. Campbell Samuel Maure (?)
John Harrison John Joysetch (?) Damon (?) Wynne William Jones
_avis (?) Bra___ Perin Cardwell Thomas Johnston Edward Shipley (?)
_ep White John keef John Gaw Isom Clark
Joseph Hickey thomas keef junr Harrison Akin Ezekiel farmer(?)
Samuel Dotson Junr John Cardwell James Hicky gorge stubblefield
Thomas Dotson Obediah Jinnins (?) William Brawn David Jeffris
Haris Burks (torn) Jinnins (?) Richard Shockley Thomas Jeffris
Samuel Dotson Senr Gibbones Cross Epham Dickings John Brand
John Stratton(?) Willie harper John Jonson Senr Siles S. Clark
Wm. Bingham Edward Webster John Jonson Junr Daniel lebo
Ralph Shelton Joseph Webster George Jinings henry lebo
Marten Bunch William Lea Thomas Greesham Peter hario
Stephen Shelton John (?) Webster Isaac Poster William Stroud
__ George Campbell Rollon Brancecomb William Sunpten (Sumpter ?) Junr.

House of Representatives, July 31st 1806. Read and refered etc. Edw Scott, Clk.

In Senate, July 31st 1806. Read and refered etc. Jno. N. Gamble, Clk

Source: “Ansearchin'” News, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), pg. 80. No copyright infringement is intended by posting this article here.


19-1-1806 Petition of citizens of Grainger and Claiborne Counties to change the road to Kentucky. The wording of the petition is the same as one published in “Ansearchin'” News, Vol. 28, No.2, page 80, 1981. This is apparently a second copy of the same petition with different signatures attached. No date. 7 pages.

Pleasant Duke Robert Willis John Lay Robt Huddlestone
george willey Samuel Webster Jacob hunbard (Humbard) John Huddlestone
Thomas Turley Peter Harris Rheubin Cofee Martain Thornberry
John McCartey Robert Metheny Richd Walker Charles Matlock
Moses Hodge William Bryan John Arnwine Enouch Winds
Dudley Mayes Alexandreus Callidge David Gentry Thomas James
henry Ivey William Iredel / Tredel John Arnold John ___trad?
James hodges William Bunch Alexander Donelson? Ambose [sic] Goff
Philip Ivy Josier Bryan Henry Baker Thos. Grissom
Monoah Dyer William Jones John Bullard David Collin
Joseph Dania/Davis John Clonch Jason Cloud James Hines?
Walcem/lum (William?) hodge Archd MacDonald Dudley Cox John McBroom
William Johnston William Lay Stephen Smith James Arwine
John Ivy Mary / Meery Littel? James Eaton Levi Collins
John howel Stephen McBroom Henry Medlock Aaron Collins
Thomas Ivey Saml Peery Dannil Beelar Warham Easley
Jesse hodges Benjamin Acof (Acuff) Thomas McBroom David Bunch
Benjamin Ivey John Shropshire

Source: “Ansearchin'” News, Vol. 32, No 3 (Fall, 1985), pg. 106. No copyright infringement is intended by posting this article here.

Bibliography of Grainger County Resources from TSLA

By , May 17, 2011

This document was created by staff of the TN State Library & Archives.   It was copied here for the convenience of our site’s visitors.

PLEASE NOTE that TSLA does not hold copies of all of the items listed in this bibliography. Please check the TSLA Online Catalog or e-mail TSLA to verify we have an item in our collection.

Subjects :

Grainger County in General

  • Allred, Charles E. Educational status of rural relief families in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1936. 41 pp. (its Report #22)
  • Allred, Charles E. Relation of education to economic & social status of relief clients in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1937. 36 pp. (its Report #24)
  • Allred, Charles E. Some problems of rural relief in TN. Knoxville, TN Ag. Exp. Sta., 1935. 17 pp. (its Report #1)
  • Biographical directory, TN General Assembly, 1796-1969 (Grainger County, Preliminary #44-A). Nashville, TSLA, 1974. 45 pp.
  • Collins, Kevin D. Grainger County map. N.p., n.d. Grainger County Hist. Soc.
  • Conference on companionship of agriculture & industry. Knoxville, UT, 1933. 38 pp.
  • Dial-a-ride rural transit needs survey for Claiborne & Grainger counties. Knoxville, East TN Dev. Dist., 1979. 40 pp.
  • Faulkner, Charles H. “Industrial archaeology of the ‘Peavine Railroad’: an archaeological & historical study of an abandoned railroad in east TN.” THQ 44 (1985), pp. 40-58.
  • Flood insurance study: Grainger County, TN, unincorporated areas. Washington, D.C., FEMA, 1990. 13 pp.
  • The geological history of the Thorn Hill Paleozoic section (Cambrian-Mississippian), eastern TN: SE-GSA 1985, field trip 6. Knoxville, UT Dept. Geol. Sciences, 1985. 128 pp.
  • Goodspeed’s history of east TN (Grainger County, pp. 853-856, 1152-1160). Goodspeed, 1887.
  • Grainger County, 1796-1976; the only TN county named for a woman. Grainger County Bicentennial Committee, 1976. 27 pp.
  • Grainger County Regional Comm. Comprehensive plan, Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, n.p., 1969. 1 vol.
  • Grainger County, TN, its people & events. Morristown, TN, C. McGinnis, 1991. 47 pp. (copies of articles published 1985-1991 in the Grainger Ranger at Rutledge, TN)
  • Graves, Mary J. The yesterdays speak again. Rutledge, Shirley Pubs., 1983. 41 pp.
  • Hill, William T. The geology, applied geochemistry & drilling results in the Puncheon Camp Creek area, Grainger County, TN. UT thesis, 1971. 106 pp.
  • Holt, W.E. History of Grainger County. N.p., the author, 1975. 11 pp.
  • Kline, Gerald W. & Charles H. Faullkner. Archaeology of the Richland Creek site. Knoxville, UT Dept. Anthrop., 1981. 77 pp.
  • Knoxville MSA, 1980-1987: an economic analysis. Nashville, TN Dept. Emp. Sec., 1988. 49 pp.
  • Lane, Patricia. “Birth, marriage & death: past & present customs in east TN.TN Folklore Soc. Bull. 48 (1982), pp. 53-60; 50 (1984), pp. 58-67.
  • Moore, Harry. A history of the churches in Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, Grainger County Hist. Soc., 1986. 141 pp.
  • Morgan, John & Joy Medford. “Log houses in Grainger County, TN.TN Anthrop. 5 (1980), pp. 137-158.
  • Official booklist of Grainger County, TN. Rutledge, Progressive Club, 1926. 16 pp.
  • Perkins, Mardell J. A sociological study of a rural church in Grainger County, TN. Carson-Newman College thesis, 1967. 75 pp.
  • Polhemus, Richard R. & James H. Polhemus. “The McCullough Bend site.TN Arch. 22 (1966), pp. 13-24.
  • Roach, Thomas E. Gleanings from a scrapbook. Rutledge, the author, 1983. 246 pp. (reprinted from newspaper articles previously published in the Grainger County News & the Jefferson County Standard)
  • Sanders, John E. Geology of the Pressman’s Home area, Hawkins & Grainger counties, TN, 1952. Photocopy of typescript. New Haven, CT, Yale University, 1980? 253 pp.
  • Soil survey, Grainger County, TN. Washington, D.C., US GPO, 1948. 203 pp.
  • TN Dept. Ed. Grainger County schools survey report. Nashville, TN Dept. Ed., 1965. 144 pp.
  • TN Dept. Emp. Sec. Summary report, manpower & other resources. Nashville, the department, 1961. 1 vol.
  • TN Dept. Transportation [county maps] issued periodically.
  • TN Valley Authority. Ind. Div. Agricultural-industrial survey of Grainger County. Knoxville, TVA, 1934. var. pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Regional Soils Database. Important farmland in Grainger County, TN. Nashville, US Soil Conservation Service, 1980. 1 map.
  • TN Valley Authority. Social & Ec. Div. Research Sec. The effects upon local finance of real property purchases by the TVA, survey no. 1: Norris Reservoir counties. Knoxville, TVA, 1936. 53 pp.
  • Trent, Emma D. East TN’s lore of yesteryear. Whitesburg, the author, 1987. 621 pp.
  • US Fed. Emergency Relief Admin. Div. of Research, Statistics & Finance. The Appalalchian-Ozark area, Grainger County, TN. N.p., 1934. 4 pp.
  • US Geol. Survey [topographic maps] issued periodically. Quadrangles: Tazewell, Howard Quarter, Swan Island, Powder Springs, Dutch Valley, Avondale, Bean Station, Luttrell, Joppa, Talbott, Mascot, New Market.

Bean Station

  • Carruthers, Amelia L. “Bean Station.Nat. Hist. Mag. 77 (1943), pp. 31-35.
  • Crouch & Adams, Inc. Bean Station revisited: a feasibility & master planning study. Oak Ridge, Crouch & Adams, Inc., 1972. 28 pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Dept. Regional Studies. The Bean Station Tavern restoration project. Prepared by Robert M. Howes. Knoxville, TVA, 1944. 76 pp.
  • TN Valley Authority. Reservoir Property Management Dept. Population readjustment studies of Bean Station community, Grainger County, Cherokee area. Knoxville, TVA, 1940. 15 pp.

Blaine

  • Flood insurance study: city of Blaine, TN, Grainger County. Washington, D.C., FEMA, 1990. 10 pp.

Rutledge

  • Roach, Thomas E. Langley, Rutledge, TN: a history of a southern mansion & its families. Rutledge, the author, 1983. 39 pp.

Tate Springs

  • Graves, Mary. Tate Springs, home of Kingswood School. Bean Station, the author, 1982. 32 pp.
  • Graves, Mary J. World famous gazebo. Bean Station, the author, 19–. 32 pp.

Updated October 22, 2004. An updated version may be available at the TSLA Web site.

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